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1) [line 1] CHADARAH - [that which was concealed in] an inner chamber (in the Kodesh ha'Kodashim), i.e. the Aron Kodesh
2) [line 12] "AL HE'HARIM ESA VECHI VA'NEHI ..."- "For the mountains I will raise My voice in weeping and wailing, and for the pastures of the wilderness a dirge, for they are parched, without a person passing by; and they will not hear the sound of cattle; from bird of heaven to animal, they have wandered off and gone." (Yirmeyahu 9:9)
3) [line 22] LISHKAS DIR HA'ETZIM - TY #12; The Wood Storage Room, where wood for the Mizbe'ach and for the bonfire in the Lishkas Beis ha'Moked (see Background to Yoma 15:19) was kept. This Lishkah was located in the northeast corner of the Ezras Nashim.
4) [line 23] SHE'HAYAH MIS'ASEK - (a) was busy checking for worms in the wood (RAMBAM); (b) was whiling away his time (RASHI)
5) [line 23] RITZPAH - one of the stone slabs of the floor
10) [line 36] NARTEK - receptacle, casing
12) [line 44] SHTAYIM KENEGDAN BA'ALIYAH - two curtains were located directly above them in the upper story of the Heichal and Kodesh ha'Kodashim (to separate between the corresponding areas in the upper story)
13) [line 45] UKERUVIN D'TZURSA HAVU KAIMEI - figures of Keruvim (that embraced each other) were engraved on the walls
14a) [line 45] "V'ES KOL KIROS HA'BAYIS MESAV KALA, PITUCHEI MIKLE'OS
KERUVIM V'TIMOROS U'FTUREI TZITZIM [MI'LIFNIM VELA'CHITZON]." - "All the
walls of the Temple were surrounded by designs, an engraved network of
figures of Keruvim, and palm trees and blossoming flowers." (Melachim I
15) [last line] "K'MA'AR ISH V'LOYOS [SAVIV]" - "[And he engraved upon the planks, upon its rods and upon its frames, Keruvim, lions, and palms,] all braced firmly [roundabout]." (Melachim I 7:36) - The words k'Ma'ar Ish v'Loyos are interpreted by Rabah bar Rav Shila as, "like a man embracing his wife."
16) [line 1] K'ISH HA'ME'UREH BA'LEVIYAH SHELO - like a man embracing his
20) [line 11] "KI LA'SHELEG ..." - "For he says to the snow, 'Be upon the ground!' and [also says this] to showers of [light] rain and showers of his mighty rains." (Iyov 37:6) - Rebbi Yehoshua learns from this verse that the earth was formed first from four points at its boundaries and then HaSh-m stretched the matter from these points until all of the matter from the four directions fused. (The word for rain, Geshem, is related to the word Gashmiyus, which describes all things that have physical substance.) The four words Geshem, Matar (similar to the word 'matter'), Geshem and Mitros represent the four directions.
21) [line 13] "AL MAH ..." - "Into what are its bases sunken, or who laid its cornerstone?" (Iyov 38:6)
22) [line 14] MINENU MUCHLAL YAFYO SHEL OLAM - in it was the potential for the beauty of the world
23) [last line] MECHAVEI RAV YEHUDAH - Rav Yehudah demonstrated it