POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafYoma 4
1) R. YOCHANAN AND RESH LAKISH ON THE SOURCE OF PERISHAH (cont'd)
(a) Question: According to Resh Lakish (who learns Perishah from
Sinai) where was there sprinkling at Har Sinai?!
2) HEARING THE VOICE OF HASHEM
1. Question: And is it better for R. Yochanan (Miluim was
blood and Parah is water)?
(b) Answer: It was only a Ma'alah which Chazal added to Parah.
2. Answer: The water substitutes for the blood.
(c) One Bereisa supports R. Yochanan and another Resh Lakish.
(d) The Bereisa supporting R. Yochanan explains "B'Zos."
1. It refers to the Perishah of Aharon for seven days.
(e) Question: But the word B'Zos is needed internally?!
2. The Bereisa mentions Moshe's role during that time.
3. An extension of Moshe's role is carried out by two
'students of Moshe.'
4. Chazal extended this Perishah to Parah.
5. Both Perishos involve sprinkling (and water takes the
place of blood).
6. The Bereisa cites a second Pasuk, which is explained as
before, La'asos- Parah; L'Chaper- Yom HaKipurim.
(f) Answer: B'Zos (as opposed to BaZeh or B'Eileh) teaches two
1. Question: Why did the Bereisa need a second Pasuk?
(g) The Bereisa supporting Resh Lakish shows (acc. to Rashi) how
R. Yosi HaGelili learns Perishah (for all times) from Sinai.
2. Answer: We might have erred, limiting the Perishah to
either the first Kohen or to the first Yom HaKipurim.
1. There is a dispute regarding which days had a covering
of a cloud (and what was being covered).
2. (R. Yosi HaGelili) These six days are after the Aseres
3. (R. Akiva) These days are the first six days of Sivan.
(h) Question: What is the basis of the dispute between R. Yosi
HaGelili and R. Akiva?
(i) The cloud covered not Moshe, but the mountain.
4. (R. Noson) Only Moshe needed Perishah, in order to
cleanse away his food (not required for all times).
(ii) Moshe was called on the seventh day (for the
Aseres HaDibros) and Bnei Yisrael stood and heard.
5. (R. Masia b. Cheresh) The Perishah was to instill
trepidation in Moshe (the proper mood to receive
(i) "Rejoice with trembling" seems contradictory.
(ii) Where there is joy (receiving Torah) there should
(i) Answer: Their dispute parallels a dispute over which day the
Torah was given (sixth or seventh of Sivan).
1. R. Yosi HaGelili aligns with the Tana Kama who holds
the sixth (since the Tana Kama cannot agree with R.
Akiva, as the Gemara explains).
(j) Question: How does the 40 day count to 17 Tamuz work
according to R. Yosi HaGelili (who has the Perishah *after*
the Aseres HaDibros)?
2. R. Akiva aligns with R. Yosi who holds the seventh.
(k) Answer: The forty days includes these six of Perishah.
(a) R. Akiva (in 1.g.3.ii. above) supports R. Elazar.
3) THE IMPENETRABLE CLOUD
1. R. Elazar also taught that Moshe heard as did the
(b) Question: But the Bereisa teaches that only Moshe heard?!
2. The Pasuk singles out Moshe only to honor him.
(c) Answer #1: They all heard Sinai; whereas only Moshe heard
the voice at the Ohel Moed.
(d) Answer #2: Keriah was heard by all; Dibur was heard only by
(a) Question: One Pasuk has the cloud being impenetrable, and
another has Moshe walking right into it!?
4) LESSONS IN DERECH ERETZ
(b) Answer #1: HaShem grabbed Moshe, bringing him into the
(c) Answer #2: The cloud parted as did the sea.
(a) Question: Why is Keriah before Dibur?
(b) Answer: To teach the Derech Eretz of calling a person before
speaking to him (supported by R. Chanina).
(c) Also from these Pesukim we learn to protect confidentiality.