POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafYoma 19
1) THE LISHAKOS
(a) In Beis Avtinas he learned Chafinah.
(b) (R. Papa) He had two Lishakos, one Parhedrin and one was
Beis Avtinas, one in the North and one in the South.
(c) The Mishnah lists the six Lishakos in the Azarah.
1. Lishkas HaMelach - South
(d) In addition to the one in the North, the Kohen Gadol had a
Lishkah in the South (one of the Lishakos reported alongside
the southern of the seven Gates).
2. Lishkas HaParvah- South, above which was the Mikveh of
the Kohen Gadol.
3. Lishkas HaMadichin- South, and steps leading to the
roof of the Beis HaParvah.
4. Lishkas HaEtz- North (R. Elazar b. Yakov forgot its
purpose) Rava reported that it was for the Kohen Gadol.
5. Lishkas HaGolah- North, the water supply.
6. Lishkas HaGazis- North, for the Sanhedrin who judged
the fitness of the Kohanim.
(i) Those who were found Pasul...
(ii) Those who were found Kasher...
(e) R. Papa was unclear as to which of his Lishakos (Parhedrin
or Beis Avtinas) was in the North and South.
(f) It seemed likely that Parhedrin was in the North to minimize
his walking back and forth during his day's activities.
(g) Question: But troubling him is a good thing if it:
1. Discouraged Tzedukim from staying on the job.
2. Prevented a swelled head (since we could cause him even
less walking if we so desired, by relocating or even
concentrating his Lishakos).
(a) Question: Our Mishnah may be a refutation of R. Huna b. R.
1. He taught that a Kohen is considered an agent of
Heaven, not of the one bringing the offering.
2. This is supported by the general rule of agency that
the agent may not do anything which the one who
appointed him may not do himself.
3. Yet the Mishnah calls the Kohen Gadol the agent of the
(b) Answer: The oath is taken under the assumptions of the Beis
Din, not that he is their actual agent.
3) AN OATH AMIDST TEARS
(a) He cried on account of their suspicion that he was a
4) SPEAKING OR SIGNALING DURING SHEMA
(b) They cried because one who groundlessly suspects another
will be personally afflicted.
(c) Question: What was all the suspicion about?
(d) Answer: Regarding the departure from tradition of the
Tzedukim, as demonstrated in the reported incident.
1. A Tzeduki performed the Avodah in their incorrect
2. His father warned him not to openly disobey the
3. He was pleased with his "compliance" with their mis-
4. He did not live long, as reported.
(a) Rav signaled that the name was Kavutal.
5) VIDIBARTA BAM
(b) Question: Why didn't he say the name?
(c) Answer: He was in the middle of Krias Shema.
(d) Question: Then how was he permitted to signal (two Beraisos
which demonstrate the prohibition of doing so)?
(e) Answer: These speak during the first paragraph, whereas Rav
was in the second.
(a) The Pasuk teaches that one must hear himself for Krias Shema
but not for Tefilah.
6) MISHNAH: KEEPING THE KOHEN GADOL UP AT NIGHT
(b) Further, one is exclusively permitted to speak words of
(c) Also, make these words permanent, not passing.
(d) One who speaks non-Torah matters violates an Aseh...
(e) He also violates and Lav...
(a) The young Kohanim would snap their fingers to rouse him.
(b) If he was very drowsy they would get him to stand up.
(c) They would occupy him until the time for Shechitah.
(a) Question: Which is the Etzba Tzerada?
8) GETTING THE KOHEN GADOL TO STAND UP
(b) Answer: The Tzarah to the other (the thumb).
(c) R. Huna demonstrated the snap and it made quite a noise.
(a) They would ask him to show them something new.
(b) This was the bowing (which was to the ground without
(c) They would not use instruments to occupy the Kohen Gadol;
rather they would sing to him (Im HaShem Lo Yivneh...).
(d) The precious Jews of Yerushalayim would also stay up so that
the sounds of their Torah would rouse the Kohen Gadol.
(e) Aba Shaul reported that this was done even after the Churban
in various places, but it sometimes led to sin (as reported
in the conversation between Eliyahu and R. Yehudah).
1. What does HaShem say...?
(f) We learn from the reported incident that the Satan has no
power to accuse on Yom Kipur (his number is only 364).
2. What does the Satan say...?