POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafYoma 26
YOMA 26 - by Reb Wolfe Rosengarten of Zurich, in honor of Rav Moshe
Soloveitchik, Zatzal, and the Yeshiva he established in Moscow.
1) MISHNAH: THE THIRD AND FOURTH PAYIS
(a) Those who had never performed the Ketores were invited to
the third Payis.
2) THE UNIQUE KETORES
(b) The fourth Payis, to bring the Eivarim from the Kevesh onto
the Mizbeach, was open to all.
(a) There was always a Kohen who had not yet done the Ketores.
3) OTHER GLEANINGS FROM THE BERACHAH OF MOSHE
(b) Question: Why not let a Kohen win the Ketores twice?
(c) Answer: Because is brought wealth.
(d) Question: Why is that so?
1. It cannot be from the Berachah of Moshe, since, if so;
2. The Olah should also be restricted to one time.
3. No, the Olah is more frequent than the Ketores.
(a) One who is Moreh Halachah must be from Levi or Yisachar.
4) PAYIS FOR THE AFTERNOON TAMID
(b) Question: Perhaps he could also be from Yehudah, called
(c) Answer: While Yehudah had great scholars, Levi and Yisachar
were blessed with learning Torah to its Halachah.
(a) (R.. Yochanan) The Kohen who won a task in the Tamid of
Shacharis, wins it for the Bein Ha'Arbayim, as well.
5) THE FOURTH PAYIS
(b) Question: But the Beraisa teaches that there was another
(c) Answer: That was for the *Ketores* Bein Ha'Arbayim.
(d) Question: But the Beraisa uses the masculine Lo!?
(e) Answer: Teach the Beraisa with Lah, referring to Ketores.
(f) Question: But a Beraisa specifies both the Tamid and the
(g) Answer: That is speaking on Shabbos (when the Mishmaros are
replaced before the afternoon Tamid).
(h) Question: How could we have thought there was a second
Payis, since that would make *five*, not *four* Paysos!?
(i) Answer: Both Paysos would have been done in the morning.
(a) Our Mishnah, which assigns the task of bringing Eivarim from
the Kevesh to the Mizbeach, argues with R. Eliezer b. Yakov
who holds that the same Kohen who brings it *to* the Kevesh
later brings it on to the Mizbeach.
(b) Question: What is their dispute?
(c) Answer: Our Tana holds B'Rov Am, and R. Eliezer b. Yakov
holds that it is impolite to leave a job unfinished in the
presence of the Shechinah.
(d) (Rava) R. Eliezer b. Yakov holds, unlike R. Yehudah (25b),
that there was a *separate* Payis for the Machtah, and R.
Yehudah holds, unlike R. Eliezer b. Yakov, that there *was*
a Payis for bringing the Eivarim onto the Mizbeach, for
otherwise, the count of each would be off (and any Tana who
holds that there were five, disagrees with both of them).
6) MISHNAH: POSSIBLE PARTICIPANTS IN THE TAMID
(a) The Tamid could be, at times, brought by 9-12 Kohanim.
7) NISUCH HAMAYIM AT THE AFTERNOON TAMID
(b) As before, Nine Kohanim are always needed, while additions
1. Sukos- a Kohen brought the water.
2. Bein Ha'Arbayim- two Kohanim brought the Gizrei Eitzim.
3. Shabbos- two brought the Bazichei Levonah.
4. Shabbos and Sukos, combine to make 12.
(a) The Nisuch must be only at Shacharis, since otherwise there
could be 12 even on a weekday during Sukos!
8) TWO KOHANIM WITH THE GIZREI EITZIM
(b) A Beraisa supports this, citing the incident of the Tzeduki
who was pelted with Esrogim (at Shacharis) for desecrating
(a) Question: The Beraisa teaches the source as V'Archu Eitzim.
9) OTHER PERMUTATIONS FOR THE TAMID
1. This is not needed for the Tamid of Shacharis (since we
already were taught U'Vier...), and thus informs the
2. Question: Perhaps both Pesukim speak of Shacharis?
3. Answer: Then the Torah would have repeated the same
4. Question: But perhaps the change of language is to
teach that the first wood is brought by one, and the
second by two?
5. Answer: Then the Torah would have used the same word,
first in singular, then in plural, either Bi'er or
(a) The Beraisa teaches that there could be 13-16 Kohanim.
10) MISHNAH: TASKS FOR THE OTHER ANIMALS
(b) Question: But we have a Beraisa which teaches 17?
(c) Answer: That Beraisa disagrees with R. Eliezer b. Yakov (and
holds like R. Yehudah).
(a) An Ayil (as an Olah) was brought by 11, as detailed.
11) HEFSHET AND NITUACH BY A ZAR
(b) A Par (Olah) was brought by 24, as detailed.
(c) These numbers are for Korbanos Tzibur, whereas a Korban
Yachid could be brought by a single Kohen.
(d) The Hefshet and Nituach of both types of Korbanos can be
done by a Zar.
(a) Question: What is the source for this permission?
(b) Answer (Chizkiyah): Since the Torah mentions the Kohanim
only once it speaks of putting on the flame.