POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous dafYoma 41
YOMA 41 - Dedicated to the memory of Moshe Simcha ben Dovid Z"L Rubner by
his parents, Dovid and Zahava Rubner of Petach Tikva.
1) SPECIFYING A KORBAN
(a) (R. Chisda) Kinin can only be differentiated by Lekichah or
(b) (R. Shimi b. Ashi) The rationale of R. Chisda derives from
the words in the Pesukim.
(c) Question: But the Beraisa (cited at the bottom of 40b)
teaches that the Goral, not the Name, makes the Kedushah
(but the Name should not have been under consideration since
it is neither Lekichah or Asiyah)?!
(d) Answer (Rava): The Kal VaChomer of the Beraisa is understood
to include the factor of Asiyah and Lekichah.
(e) Question: We learn in a Beraisa (regarding the Korban Chatas
of a poor person) that there is Kiviyah at times other than
Lekichah or Asiyah?!
(f) Answer: The Beraisa must be amended to read that he became
wealthy *after* setting aside the funds, which is akin to
(g) Question: What about the position of R. Chana (citing R.
Yoshiyah) that Bidi'eved the newly-wealthy person *is* Yotze
with the Korban Ani (the designation is neither at a time of
Lekichah nor of Asiyah)?
(h) Answer: The Beraisa should be understood to mean he then
took the birds and said...
2) MISHNAH: VIDUI OF THE SAIR HAMISHTALEACH
1. Question: How could he and add to the value of the
birds, as we know that there is no Pidyon by birds?!
(i) Question: But we have a Beraisa which says that a wealthy
Metzora who brings the Korban of an Ani is *not* Yotze?!
2. Answer: It means adding to the *remaining* funds.
(i) He had only purchased one bird (which becomes a
Nedavah) with part of the money designated for
(ii) He must bring new funds for the Chatas, however,
and the one bird already bought as a Chatas must
(j) Answer: The Metzora is unique given the word Zos.
(k) Question: Then it should not work for an Ani who brings the
Korban of an Ashir either?!
(l) Answer: The Torah so indicates by the word Toras (as found
in the supporting Beraisa).
(m) Question: Then learn from Metzora to Tamei Mikdash?!
(n) Answer: The Torah restricts the rules of Metzora, allowing
that elsewhere the Ashir may be able to bring the Korban
(a) A scarlet thread was tied between its horns and it stood by
the gate of its departure.
3) MARKING THE SAIR LASHEM
(b) The Sair LaShem was by its Beis HaShechitah (see Gemara).
(c) The Kohen recited the Vidui for the Kohanim.
(d) The People respond to the Shem with Baruch Shem.
(a) Question: Does the Mishnah mean that the Sair LaShem was
also tied with a string (around its neck) or also stood in
its place (to be slaughtered)?
4) TWO SCARLET THREADS
(b) Answer: From the Beraisa (which gives the reason as to
prevent mixing this animal with others) we come to
understand that it means a string was also tied (around its
neck) since standing it near the place os Shechitah would
not prevent it from being mixed with others.
(a) (R. Yitzhok) I have learned about the scarlet threads on the
Parah Adumah and on the Sair HaMishtaleach, and I do not
know which one requires a minimum Shiur.
(b) (R. Yosef) The fact that the thread on the Sair
HaMishtaleach must be cut in half indicates that it is the
one requiring a minimum Shiur.
(c) Question: But the thread on the Parah must have heft?!
(d) Answer (Rava): The requirement of Koved is a Machlokes
(e) Question (Abaye): But it seems from the Beraisa that the
thread of the Parah must be cut, since it refers to the
(f) Answer: That means the narrowing end (like the tail).
(g) (R. Chanin citing Rav) If the flame caught the thread it is
(h) Question: But the Beraisa teaches that if the thread was
Nis'havhev it must be replaced with another?!
(i) Answer: One speaks of a standing flame, which burnt the
thread at a distance from its source, where R. Chanin spoke
of a bent flame, who burning is still considered "within."
(j) Rava cites his source that the requirement of Koved is a
Machlokes Tanaim (Rebbi and R. Elazar b. R. Shimon).