POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafYoma 62
YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha
Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife
and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he
will long be remembered.
1) WHICH SAIR IS THE MISHTALEACH
(a) The Mishnah reported a Machlokes regarding the replacement
Seirim discussed by R. Meir and R. Elazar/R. Shimon above.
Hadran Alach Perek Hotziu Lo
1. (R. Meir) One the last Seir is deal with as the actual
one (it is burnt and those who deal with the burning
contract Tumas Begadim).
(b) Question: In light of the above, how many Seirim are sent
out as the Mishtaleach?
2. (R. Elazar and R. Shimon) All of them must be dealt
with the same way.
(c) Answer: Shall we send out his whole flock (surely, only
(d) Question: But he could have his whole flock burned (multiple
(e) Answer: There is no comparison since the Sair HaMishtaleach
is restricted by Oso.
(f) It is a Machlokes regarding the opinion of Rava whether to
send out the first Seir (R. Papi) or the last (R. Simi).
(g) Question: Why the first (the second makes sense since the
Kaparah was completed with its pair)?
(h) Answer: R. Papi holds like R. Yosi who holds that the
Mitzvah is to be performed with the first animal so
1. Question: Where is this opinion of R. Yosi?
2. Answer: When R. Yosi explains the requirement to mark
the Kupos as in order to use the first one first.
3. Question: But that may be required since the second has
not yet become usable when the first Kupah was
available, but here all the Seirim become available at
the same moment (conclusion of the Matanos Damim)!?
4. Answer: Rather, the source is R. Yosi regarding the
Korban Pesach which was lost, replaced and then found
where R. Yosi holds that the first is to be used.
*****PEREK SHENEI SEIRIM*****
1) MISHNAH: THE PAIR OF SEIRIM
(a) The two Seirim must be the same in appearance, height,
price, and time of purchase.
(b) This requirement, however, is not Me'akev (an example of an
imperfect, but Kosher, pairs would be if one Seir died
before the Goralos, a pair may be brought for the remaining
(c) If one died after the Hagralah, a new pair is brought and a
Hagralah is used to determine the replacement for the one
(d) The second Seir pastures until it develops a blemish (since
a Korban Tzibur is not put to death).
(e) (R. Yehudah) The extra Seir is put to death.
(f) R. Yehudah further teaches that if the Dam Sair LaShem was
prematurely spilled out (such that another Sair is
slaughtered) then its corresponding Sair HaMishtaleach is
put to death; similarly if the Sair HaMishtaleach dies, the
blood of its counterpart is spilled out.
2) THE SOURCE FOR THE ALIKE PAIR
(a) The Beraisa draws from the word Shenei that the Seirim must
3) THE TWO SEIRIM PRIOR TO THEIR HAGRALAH
(b) Question: How do we know that their similarity is not
(c) Answer: From the repetition of the (singular) word Seir.
(d) Question: Whence would we have *thought* that it *was*
(e) Answer: The multiple repetition of Shenei might lead us to
consider their being identical as Me'akev.
(f) Question: Then, now, what *is* the role of the three-fold
repetition of Shenei?
(g) Answer: One for appearance, one for height, and one for
(h) The same sequence appears in the Beraisa regarding the two
Kivsei Metzora, and in the Beraisa regarding the Tziporei
(i) Question: If Shenei and Shetei teach the requirement of
alike pairs, then the word Shenayim by the Temidim should
teach the same Din there (as the sequence would work there)?
(j) Answer: The word Shenayim by Tamid is not extra; it is
needed to teach that they must be slaughtered in the
sunlight, not in the shade.
1. The Beraisa goes on to demonstrate that the number here
cannot be teaching the obvious number since the Pasuk
is explicit regarding the one... and the one...
2. Question: Where in the Azarah would the sunlit
Shechitah take place?
3. Answer: The Tamid in the morning is slaughtered in the
NW corner (angled back into the SE sun, using the
second row of rings) and the afternoon Tamid is in the
NE (angled back to the setting sun in the SW).
4. The Musafim of Shabbos should (according to Rashi) be
(a) One is Chayav for Shechutei Chutz for slaughtering *either*
Seir prior to the Hagralah.
(b) After the Hagralah one is Chayav only for the Seir LaShem.
(c) Question: Prior to the Hagralah neither animal is fit for a
Korban, so why is there a Chiyuv on them?
(d) Answer: Since (Ho'il) they are fit to be the Chatas
HaMusafin (brought on the Mizbeach HaChitzon), they are
deemed as fit.
(e) Question: But the Avodas HaYom needs to be completed before
such a Seir Musafin could be fit to be brought!?
(f) Answer: Timing alone does not render an animal unfit if its
time will come that day.
(g) With this lesson from R. Chisda (that missing an action,
such as Hagralah, renders an animal unfit) we can understand
the Din of R. Yehudah citing Shmuel:
1. A Shelamim is Pasul if slaughtered before the gates of
the Heichal are opened.
2. By extension, the Chiyuv of Shechutei Chutz will not
apply to that animal since opening the gates is like an
action which stands between the animal and its fitness
to be offered.