POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous dafYoma 67
YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha
Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife
and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he
will long be remembered.
1) ESCORTING THE USHER OF THE SEIR
(a) The prominent Jews would escort the usher to the first booth
en route to Azazel.
2) THE TEN SUKOS
(b) There were ten booths from Yerushalayim to Azazel (90 Ris @
7.5 Ris per Mil).
(c) At each booth he was offered food or drink in the event that
the fast was too difficult for him.
(d) The residents of each booth would escort him to the next
booth and the last would watch him proceed to the cliff.
(e) At the cliff the usher would divide a red thread, tying half
to a stone and half between the horns of the Seir.
(f) He would push the Seir backward where it would break up on
the rocks of the cliff, long before it landed at the bottom.
(g) He would return to the last Sukah.
(h) (Tana Kama) His garments would be Tamei from his departure
(i) (R. Shimon) From the point of pushing the Seir.
(a) (R. Meir) There were 10 Sukos over 12 Mil distance from
Yerushalayim to the cliff.
3) OFFERING FOOD AND DRINK
(b) (R. Yehudah) Nine Sukos over 10 Mil.
(c) (R. Yosi) Five Sukos over 10 Mil, each employing an Eruv
Techumin to escort him the entire distance.
1. R. Yosi reported that his son, Elazar, lightheartedly
indicated that, based on his father's reasoning, he
could make do with two Sukos.
(d) Question: Who is the Tana who holds that the residents of
the last Sukah would (have to) stand and watch him from
(e) Answer: It is R. Meir (10 Sukos over 12 Mil).
(a) The Beraisa teaches that the offer of food was never
accepted, but the usher benefited from its being available.
4) THE RED THREAD
(b) This is called Pas BeSalo (lit. bread in his basket).
(a) Question: Why divide the thread at all; let him tie it all
to the rock?
5) DERIVING HANA'AH FROM THE BROKEN PARTS OF THE SEIR
(b) Answer: For fear that it may turn white right away and (in
his joy) he will neglect his mission, pushing off the Seir.
(c) Question: Then tie it all onto the Seir?
(d) Answer: Perhaps the Seir will fall such that its horns will
be concealed from view.
(e) The Beraisa teaches that the thread was once hung publicly
and would cause the People's mood to change based on whether
or not the thread turned white.
(f) They instituted that it would be tied to the rock, out of
public view (R. Elazar HaKapar reported similarly).
(a) Question: Is such benefit permitted?
(b) Answer: It is a dispute between Rav and Shmuel.
6) THE PLACE OF AZAZEL
1. Heter can be derived from the Hefker implications of
the extra word BaMidbar.
(c) The Mutar position seems logical since, otherwise, the Torah
has given an instruction which could lead to a great
stumbling (if someone unwittingly benefited from those found
parts of the Seir).
2. Isur could be derived from the stringency implied by
3. Question: According to the Isur opinion, what is the
role of BaMidbar?
4. Answer: It teaches that the Seir HaMishtaleach is done
even when the Ohel Moed has been replaced with Mishkan
5. Question: What will the Heter opinion do with the word
6. Answer: It teaches that the cliff must be jagged.
7. Alternate Answer: It refers to the quality of the Seir
as that which breaks apart as it falls.
8. Alternate Answer: It is a decree (Gezeirah) from
HaShem, even if its Kaparah is unfathomable.
(a) As its name implies, it is doubly harsh (Az and El).
7) TUMAS BEGADIM OF THE MISHTALEACH
(b) BaMidbar teaches that it may not be in a place of residence.
(c) Gezeirah teaches that it is a cliff.
(d) Another Beraisa teaches that it is the harshest of mountains
(e) (Tana d'vei R. Yishmael) The name Azazel alludes to its
atonement for Uza and Azael (Arayos, -Rashi).
(f) The Beraisa teaches that Es Mishpatei Ta'asu refers to
Mitzvos which are logical; while Es Chukosei Tishmeru is
HaShem's demand of fidelity regarding that which is
mysterious and which the Satan claims is meaningless
(including the Seir HaMishtaleach).
(a) The usher himself contracts Tumas Begadim but not his
escorts (or the Kohen Gadol) who accompany him.
8) MISHNAH: THE AVODAH AFTER SENDING THE SEIR
(b) The Beraisa negates the possibilities that his Tumas Begadim
began directly upon leaving the Azarah or only once he
arrives at the cliff.
(c) (R. Yehudah) The Tumah begins once he leaves the walls of
(d) (R. Yosi) Once he arrives at the cliff.
(e) (R. Shimon) Once he pushes it over the cliff.
(a) He removed the Eimurim from the Par and Seir.
9) BRINGING THE EIMURIM ONTO THE MIZBEACH
(b) He placed the Eimurim in a Meigis and brought them onto the
Mizbeach as a Ketores.
(c) He braided the two animals on top of one another and four
people carried them out, whole, to be burnt.
(d) (Tana Kama) Tumas Begadim (for the ones dealing with the
burning) begins upon leaving the Azarah.
(e) (R. Shimon) From the moment the fire takes hold of the
majority of the Par and Seir.
(a) Question: Does the Mishnah really mean that he does the
Haktarah now (given that there are many Avodos between
removing the Eimurim and putting them on the Mizbeach)!?
(b) Answer: It means that he placed them in the Meigis *in
order* to (later) offer them as a Ketores.