POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous dafYoma 75
YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha
Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife
and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he
will long be remembered.
1) AGADIC TEACHINGS
(a) Ki Yiten BeKos Eino... One who likes drunkenness justifies
forbidden relations or theft (Machlokes R. Ami and R. Asi).
2) THE TEARS OF THE JEWS OVER THE MAN IN THE MIDBAR
(b) De'agah BeLev Ish Yashchenah... A person should push his
worries out of his thoughts or he should speak them out with
a friend (Machlokes R. Ami and R. Asi).
(c) VeNachash Afar Lachmo... All foods taste like dust for the
snake, or, after the finest delicacies, the snake is only
satisfied with dust (Machlokes R. Ami and R. Asi).
1. (R. Yosi) HaShem deals more graciously with those who
annoy him than a person would.
2. The snake, though cursed, finds benefit within the
curse, as do slaves (Canaanites), women, and the earth.
(a) Zacharnu Es HaDagah... We fondly recall the fish, or, the
permitted (now forbidden) relations (Rav and Shmuel).
3) THE MAN
1. Fish, since it says Nochal (we ate).
(b) Question: If they were involved in Arayos, why does Shlomo
praise their chastity (Shir HaShirim 4- Gan Na'ul...)?
2. Arayos, since it says Chinam.
3. Nochal could still refer to Arayos, in a dignified way.
4. Chinam could still refer to fish, since they came to
them from Hefker (HaShem placed the fish in their water
(c) Answer: They were chaste regarding the previously forbidden
relations (and were crying over the new prohibitions).
(d) Question: If they missed the fish, why were they crying
"LeMishpechosav" implying a concern over conjugal relations?
(e) Answer: They were crying over both, fish and Arayos.
(a) Es HaKishuim... The Man imparted all flavor except these
five, or, it imparted all flavors and became all textures,
except these five (R. Ami and R. Asi).
4) THE REQUESTS FOR BREAD AND MEAT
(b) VeHu KeZera Gad Lavan (R. Asi) Its shape was like the Zera
Gad (round) and it was white as a pearl.
1. Gad- similar to a Pishtan seed BiGivolin (round).
(c) The Man, like a Navi, would reveal the secrets of the People
(as in revealing which person or servant belongs to which
household or whether a woman is still a loyal part of her
2. Gad- likened to Hagadah, (Agadeta) which draws the
hearts (Libo) of its listeners (so did the Man whet a
3. Gad- It told (Magid) and resolved a doubt regarding the
child whose mother remarried prematurely.
4. Lavan- It whitened the Aveiros of Yisrael.
(d) U'Vredes HaTal... (implies the Man fell within the Machaneh)
VeYatza HaAm VeLaketu... (implies that it fell *outside*)
Shatu HaAm VeLaketu... (implies a considerable distance).
(e) The Tzadikim received it near them homes, Beinonim went out
and Resha'im had to go a distance for theirs.
(f) Lechem (implies it was found in a baked state) VeAsu Oso
Ugos (implies they had to prepare and bake it) VeTachanu
(implies an even earlier state, requiring milling).
(g) Again, Tzadikim, Beinonim and Resha'im.
(h) O Dachu BaMeduchah... Women's perfumes (adornments which are
pulverized) came down with the Man.
(i) U'Vishelu BaParur... with its spices for the cooked food.
(j) VeHem Heiviu Od Nedavah *BaBoker BaBoker*. They brought gems
from the *daily* shower which accompanied the Man (as the
Nesi'im refer to the *clouds* which brought the gems).
(k) VeHaya Ta'amo KeTa'am Leshad HaShemen (The Man had many
flavors, like a child experiences in nursing [Shad],
alternately like a Shed which has many forms, so, too did
the Man change to many flavors).
(a) (R. Yehoshua b. Karchah) They requested meat improperly and
it was given in an "improper" fashion, whereas bread was
requested properly, and given in kind.
(b) This instructs a person to eat meat at night.
5) THE SELAV
(c) Question: But Abaye taught that a festive meal should be
eaten by day!?
(d) Answer: He meant by torch-light (*like* daylight).
(e) The People used to eat (peck away at) their food all day,
until Moshe established meal times.
(a) Question: One Pasuk says they died during their first bite
and another teaches that they received the Selav for 30
6) MAN (cont'd)
(b) Answer: Beinonim died right away while the Resha'im lingered
in their suffering up to a month.
(c) (Resh Lakish) Understand the word VaYishtechu to imply
VeYishchatu, meaning they People were Chayavim on account of
their improper request for meat.
(d) (R. Yehoshua b. Karchah) Shatoach implies Shachut; the Man
was accompanied by that which required Shechitah.
(e) Question: We surely have other sources for the requirement
to perform Shechitah on a bird (as learned in the Beraisa
regarding the Simanim of an animal and a bird)!?
(f) Answer: Rather, Shatoach refers to the "carpet" of Selav.
(a) Question: How can the same thing be Lechem, Shemen and
7) SELAV (cont'd)
(b) Answer: Lechem for young people, Shemen for the older people
and Devash for the infants.
(a) The word begins with a Shin/Sin and is read with a Samech to
indicate Shalvah (for Tzadikim) and Silvin (thorns, for the
8) TAL AND MAN
(b) R. Chanin b. Rava lists four types of Selav, noting the best
and worst of them.
(c) It was a small bird which would be stuffed and roasted in an
oven, and it would expand from the great quantity of oil
within it such that it would even permeate 13 loaves of
bread and the bottom loaf would need diluting in order to be
(d) R. Yehudah was granted such birds between his barrels, R.
Chisda found them among his trees and Rava's sharecropper
would bring him one each day.
1. One day the Aris did not bring the Selav, and Rava
interpreted the signs (the call of the child and the
absence of the Selav) to know that R. Chisda had passed
2. Now that his Rebbi had passed away, Rava felt that he
no longer had the merit to eat Selav.
(a) From the seemingly contradictory Pesukim we learn that there
was dew above and below the Man.
(b) Dak Mechuspas... abbreviates "that which melts in the palm
of the hand (Resh Lakish)," or, that which is retained in
248 body parts (like the number of Mechuspas- R. Yochanan).
(c) Question: But Mechuspas (254) is greater in number than 248?
(d) Answer: It is written without the Vav.
(e) Lechem Abirim... The Man is the food of the Malachim (R.
(f) R. Yishmael indicated that R. Akiva had erred, since
Malachim do not eat, but, rather, Abirim refers to the
Eivarim into which the Man absorbs.
(g) Question: Why, if it was entirely absorbed, was there need
for privies (as in the Pasuk)?
(h) Answer: It was from the food that the itinerant merchants
would sell them.
(i) Answer (R. Elazar b. Parta): Even that food was absorbed on
account of the Man.
1. The privy was needed after they committed Aveiros.
(j) When they used the privy they went to the rear of the Ananim
(since the Ananim never went backward, they need not worry
there that they would suddenly find themselves inside the
2. HaShem had said that they were to be like Malachim, but
now they must be troubled with such bodily needs.
3. They had to walk three Parsah to the privy as Rabah
b.b. Chanah reported.