POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous dafYoma 76
YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha
Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife
and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he
will long be remembered.
1) AGADIC INTERPRETATIONS (cont'd)
(a) Ve'Ata Nafsheinu Yeveishah...They were concerned that they
would die from the food which they did not excrete. (R.
Yishmael's teaching is deleted here by the GR"A.)
2) THE FIVE INUYIM
(b) Lechem Abirim Ochal Ish... This is Yehoshua for whom Man
fell (Yehoshua is called "Ish" and is equated with all of
1. Question: Perhaps the Ish is Moshe, about whom it says
(c) Question (students of R. Shimon b. Yochai): Why didn't the
Man fall once for the whole year?
2. Answer: It is more reasonable to connect to "Ish."
(d) Answer: Mashal to a King (HaShem)... who established a daily
dependant relationship with his son (the large families of
(e) Alternate Answers: So that it would be warm and fresh or, to
lighten their load.
(f) R. Elazar HaModai stated (before the Chachamim) that the Man
was 60 Amos high.
1. The Chachamim were not, at first, pleased, until R.
Elazar justified his innovation based on the Pesukim.
(g) (Isi b. Yehudah) The Man rose until all the Kingdoms of East
and West could see it (as implied by the Pasuk in Tehilim).
2. He made the calculation based on the four times the 15
Amos of water which came down during the Mabul (Midas
Pur'aniyos from *two* Arubos), and inferred the Midah
Tovah of the Man as greater than that disaster (eight
Arubos- two Dalsos each with four Arubos).
(h) (Abaye) Kosi Revayah... The size of the future cup of Dovid
(i) Question (on R. Elazar HaModai): But the measure came by the
flood in 40 days (960 hours), and here we are speaking of
that which fell in one hour!?
(j) Further Question: The flood covered the entire world, and
here it all fell on the Machaneh Yisrael!?
(k) Answer: R. Elazar HaModai was speaking of the Pesichah
(initial opening) of the Arubos.
(a) Question: How are these Inuyim alluded to in the Torah?
(b) Answer: The five references to Inui in the Pesukim, as
(c) Question: But there are *six* Inuyim!?
(d) Answer: Eating and drinking are counted as one.
(e) [Question: How do we know this?]
(f) Answer: Resh Lakish derives this from the fact that the
Torah uses the word VeAchalta when one of the items referred
to is wine.
(g) Question: Perhaps the wine was part of a food dish?
1. Answer: Rather, the source is VeNasatah HaKesef...
Yayin U'VaSheichar... VeAchalta (beverage spoken of as
2. Question: Perhaps, this, too refers to Anigron?
3. Answer: The Pasuk refers to an intoxicating beverage
(not a food ingredient, thus that drinking is part of
4. Question: But we find illustrations of intoxicating
foods (Deveilah Kailis)!?
(h) Answer: Rather, we learn from Nazir who is forbidden from
wine (Sheichar), so, too, here, by Ma'aser Sheni we are
speaking of wine, not an ingredient.
3) LEARNING RECHITZAH FROM SICHAH
1. Question: But Tirosh is grapes, not wine as we find
that one who takes a Neder to abstain from Tirosh is
forbidden in sweet fruits, but is *permitted* to drink
2. We suggest three Pesukim indicating that Tirosh is,
indeed, wine, two of which are rejected.
3. Answer: Rather, Tirosh is wine, and the reason for the
permission regarding Nedarim is because people do not
generally refer to wine as Tirosh and we thus interpret
the words of his Neder to refer to sweet fruit.
i. Question: Why is wine called by two names, Yayin
ii. Answer: Yayin brings Yelalah; Tirosh brings
poverty (Rash) to its "adherents."
iii. Question (R. Kehana): How may we resolve the Kesiv
(Tirash) with the Keri (Tirosh)?
iv. Answer: One who is Zocheh (drinks in proper
measure) becomes a Rosh; one who is not becomes a
v. Question (Rava): How may we resolve the Kesiv
(Yishmach) with the Keri (Yismach)?
vi. Answer: If drunk in proper measure is gladdens
(Yismach); if not, it destroys (Yishmach).
vii. As Rava has taught that wine and fragrance (in
their proper measure) contributed to my wisdom.
(a) Question: How do we know that washing and anointing are
(b) Answer: From the mourning of Daniel, Lechem Chamudos Lo
Achalti... VeShoch Lo Sachti.
1. Question: What is the Lechem Chamudos from which he
(c) Question: But the Tana in Shabbos learns oil *from* water
(that Sichah is like drinking) not water from oil!?
2. Answer: Bread made from clean flour.
3. Question: How do we know that Soch Lo Sachti means
4. Answer: From Gavriel's assurance to Daniel
5. Question: That covers Sichah, but what of Rechitzah?
6. Answer: The Pasuk in Tehilim equates water on the skin
to anointing with oil.
7. Question: Maybe the anointing in the Pasuk is like
8. Answer: The Pasuk implies that the water came into his
system similarly to oil.
1. The Mishnah there asks how we know that Sichah is
forbidden like drinking on Yom Kipur.
(d) Answer: Rather, Rechitzah is implicit in the words VeSoch Lo
Sachti in Daniel.
2. In response the Tana quotes the very same Pasuk in
Tehilim, VaTavoh KaMayim...