ANSWERS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafYoma 48
YOMA 46-48 - have been anonymously sponsored towards a REFU'AH SHELEMAH to
Shmuel Yakov ben Ayala Hinda, Ilana Golda bas Chana and Klarees Marcia bas
(a) Rav Papa asks whether the Kometz will be Kasher if the Kohen, instead of
placing it on the *floor* of the K'li, sticks it to its *wall* - on the one
hand, the Kometz is now inside the K'li, but on the other, it is not placed
conventionally on the floor of the K'li.
(b) Mar bar Rav Ashi asks what the Din will be if the Kohen turns the K'li
upside-down and sticks the Kometz to its floor - on the one hand, the Kometz
is placed inside the K'li, but on the other, it is not placed conventionally
(Presumably, Mar bar Ashi assumes that, in the previous She'ilah, the
Kemitzah is Pasul).
(a) Rav Papa asked whether the Me'lo Chafnav of the Kohen Gadol had to be
flat or piled high.
We learn from the Pasuk in Vayikra "ve'Lakach mi'Dam ha'Par" - that the
Kohen Gadol must receive the blood which contains the Nefesh (i.e. that
causes its death), not the blood from the skin and not Dam ha'Tamtzis (the
final drops of blood from the animal's neck).
(b) Rebbi Aba resolved this She'eilah from a Beraisa, which says that the
Chafinah had to be neither flat nor piled high, but slightly heaped.
(a) We learn from the 'Mem' in "ve'Lakach *mi'*Dam ha'Par " - that the Kohen
must receive the blood from the neck of the bull, and not from the ground.
In view of what we just learned by the blood that spilt, Rav Papa asks what
the Din will be if the Me'lo Chafnav of the Ketores that the Kohen took,
spilt - he is in doubt as to whether the Kohen Gadol's hand is like the
*animal's neck* (in which case it will be Pasul), or like a *K'li Shares*,
and he will be permitted to gather it from the floor.
(b) 'Gor'in u'Mosifin ve'Dorshin' means that we change the location of a
letter and explain it. In this case, we move the 'Mem', from the beginning
of "*mi*'Dam ha'Par to the following word, to read "Dam *me*'ha'Par".
(c) We cannot explain the Pasuk literally (i.e. that the Kohen needs to
receive only *some* of the blood but not *all* of it) - because Rav Yehudah
has already taught that the Kohen must receive *all* the blood from the neck
of the bull (and the same will apply to *all* Korbanos).
(d) As a result of this Derashah, blood that spilt from the K'li on to the
ground, and which a Kohen gathered into a K'li, is Kasher, but if it spilt
directly from the animal's neck, it is Pasul.
(a) Rav Papa also asks what the Din will be if the Kohen Gadol had a
Machsheves Pigul during the *Chafinah* (i.e. he thought whilst taking the
handful of Ketores, that he would burn it tomorrow), whether, like by the
Kemitzah, it would invalidate the Chafinah. We know that a Machsheves Pigul
during the *Kemitzah* invalidates the Minchah - from the Pasuk in Tzav "Zos
ha'Torah la'Olah, ve'la'Minchah ... ve'li'Shelamim", which compares (all the
Korbanos, but above all) the Minchah to the Shelamim (where the Torah
specifically writes that Pigul invalidates).
(b) We might learn the Chafinah from the Kemitzah with the 'Gezeirah Shavah'
(c) The Gemara asked above that the She'eilah of learning the 'Gezeirah
Shavah' of "Me'lo" "Me'lo"(with regard to the Ketores that protrudes from
between the fingers) is merely a repetition of the same She'eilah as the one
regarding making a measure for the Chafinah - because they are exactly
similar, and we would know the one from the other. But that is not the case
here, where the She'eilah of P'sul Machshavah is a completely different kind
of P'sul than that of making a measure for the Chafinah, and even if we were
not to learn the 'Gezeirah Shavah' by the one, we might well learn it by the
(a) We resolve the previous She'eilah from a statement by Rebbi Akiva, who
said that - if a Tevul-Yom touched a small section of the flour of a
Minchah, the Ketores, the Levonah or the coals, all that is inside the K'li
becomes Pasul (i.e. a Shelishi le'Tum'ah), because (in the realm of Kodshim)
the K'li combines all that is inside it.
(b) Since the K'li renders the Ketores Pasul, it is clear that, once it
enters the K'li, the Ketores becomes *Kedushas ha'Guf*, in which case, it
will also become Pasul be'*Linah*.
(c) Seeing as the Ketores becomes Pasul be'*Linah*, it follows that it will
also become Pasul with a *Machsheves Linah* - from which, the Machshavah to
*bring it tomorrow* is but a short step, and obviously invalidates.
(d) Rashi's problem with this proof from a Mishnah in Me'ilah - is why we
need a Beraisa to learn the Din of Linah from a *Tevul-Yom*, when the
Mishnah in Me'ilah specifically describes Linah as Kedushas ha'Guf from the
time that it enters a K'li Shares?
(a) Based on the outcome of the previous She'eilah, Rav Papa asks whether a
Machsheves Pigul when taking the shovel-full of coals from the Mizbe'ach for
the Ketores will also invalidate the Avodah - he is not sure whether
'Machshirei Mitzvah (one Avodah which is merely a preparation for another)
ke'Mitzvah Damu' or not.
(b) Rashi explains the She'eilah in two ways: 1. Whether a Machshavah in
the Machshirei Mitzvah is like the Mitzvah and therefore affects the entire
Mitzvah i.e. it invalidate that entire Avodah (i.e. the *Mitzvah* as well as
the Machshir); 2. Whether the Machshavah will invalidate only the
Machshir, but not the Ikar Avodah.
(a) Kabalas ha'Dam and Zerikah are not Kasher, if performed with the left
hand - because the Torah writes by them 'Kehunah' (and 'Kehunah' and 'Etzba'
always imply the right hand.
(b) The source for Holachah in the Torah - is "ve'Hikrivu" (Vayikra), which,
according to Chazal, refers to Kabalas ha'Dam.
(c) The reason that the the P'sul of using the left-hand might not apply to
Holachah (even though it too, derives from the same Pasuk as Kabalas ha'Dam)
- is because since Holachah (according to Chazal's interpretation) is only
*hinted* in the Torah, but not written there explicitely , 'Kehunah' might
well not refer to it.
(d) Rav Sheshes initially resolved the She'eilah from the Kaf and Machtah in
our Mishnah - where the Machtah was taken in the left hand.
(a) Rav Sheshes cannot resolve the above She'eilah from the Mishnah in
Tamid, where the Tana writes that the first Kohen to carry the pieces on to
the ramp, received (from the person who cut the Tamid into pieces) the head
in his right hand, and the right hind-leg in his *left* - because *there*,
the entire Avodah of carrying the pieces on to the ramp and even on to the
Mizbe'ach, is *not* crucial (since only the Avodos to do with the blood are
crucial), whereas that of Holachah *is*.
(b) A Zar, an Onan, a drunkard and a Ba'al Mum are all invalidated from
performing Kabalah, *Holachah* and Zerikah.
(c) Besides sitting (which is Pasul because of "La'amod Leshares" (Shoftim),
the Tana adds that if the Kohen performs any of these with the left hand, he
invalidates the Avodah - which categorically proves Rav Sheshes wrong.