REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafYoma 21
YOMA 21 - Dedicated to the memory of Moshe Simcha ben Dovid Z"L Rubner by
his parents, Dovid and Zahava Rubner of Petach Tikva.
(a) What does the Tana say about someone who sets out alone on a journey
before the cock crows? What did he mean?
(b) According to Rebbi Yashiyah, it is only safe to set out after the second
time it crows.
What do others say?
(c) What size rooster are we talking about?
(a) Rav Yehudah quotes Rav, who says that when Yisrael went to Yerushalayim
for Yom-Tov, 'Omdin Tzefufin u'Mishtachavim Revachim, ve'Nimshachin ... '.
What is the meaning of ...
(b) They were so short of space that they found themselves standing in an
area which was rarely used.
- ... 'Omdin Tzefufin'?
- ... 'Mishtachavin Revachin'? What was the purpose of this miracle?
Where was that?
(c) How many other regular miracles took place in the Beis-Hamikdash?
(a) Which personal miracle occurred in connection with the Kohen Gadol
(b) No woman ever miscarried on account of the strong smell of the roasting
meat (from which she may have wanted to partake but could not), nor did the
meat of Kodshim ever go bad.
What was the third miracle that took place
in connection with Kodshim meat - in the Beis ha'Mitbachayim?
(c) Which three types of loaves never became Pasul? What would be the
problem if they did? Why could they not simply be re-placed?
(d) Which two miracles occurred regularly in *Yerushalayim*, one factual,
the other, verbal?
(a) Seeing as the last two concern Yerushalayim, and not the Beis Hamikdash,
we re-place them with another two, both of which concern the elements.
What are they?
(b) The broken pieces of earthenware, the plumage and the crop of the bird
Olah, and the ashes from the Mizbe'ach ha'Zahav and from the Menorah would
all disappear where they were.
How many miracles did this comprise?
(c) What was the significance of the broken pieces of earthenware, and why
was this miracle necessary?
(d) If we reckon the miracle of the three types of loaves as one, as well as
the miracles of the elements and the miracle of the things that disappeared,
we will still be one short of the ten miracles listed by Chazal. We make up
for the deficiency by adding a miracle that occurred with the Lechem
What was it?
(a) Two other miracles that occurred were that both the Aron and the bodies
of the Keruvim, took up no space at all.
Answers to questions
What reason does the Gemara
initially give for the Tana not including them in the list of miracles, that
creates a problem regarding the inclusion of the miracle of the Lechem
ha'Panim remaining warm?
(b) Why in fact, is the miracle of the hot loaves considered a miracle that
(a) What does the Pasuk in Emor "al ha'Shulchan *ha'Tahor*" imply?
(b) What is the problem with this? Why do we not contend with the fact that
the table was overlaid with gold?
(c) How do we answer this Kashya?
(a) Which other miracle is hinted in the Pasuk in Tehilim "Yir'ash
(b) When did it cease to function?
(c) Will it recur in the time of the third Beis Hamikdash?
(d) Why is this miracle not included among the ten miracles listed above?
Which other miracle listed there does not belong there for the same reason?
(a) The Heavenly fire that consumed the Korbanos had five supernatural
qualities: it crouched like a lion, was clear like the sun and was tangible.
What were the other two?
(b) Then how can the Tana list the fact that the wind did not disturb the
smoke of the Ma'arachah among the miracles of the Beis Hamikdash?
(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Vayikra "ve'Nasnu B'nei Aharon
ha'Kohen Eish al ha'Mizbe'ach"?
(a) We said that the fire on the Mizbe'ach crouched like a lion.
do we account for the fact that Rebbi Chanina S'gan ha'Kohanim saw it
crouching like a dog?
(b) Why did the Navi Chagai omit a 'Hey' from "ve'Ertzeh Bam
(c) If the Aron, the lid and the Keruvim are counted as one of the five
things that were missing in the second Beis Hamikdash, what besides the
fire, were the other three?
(d) If there was no Divine fire in the second Beis Hamikdash, then how can
Rebbi Chanina S'gan ha'Kohanim have seen it crouching like a dog?
(a) There are six types of fire: our fire eats but does not drink.
type of fire ...
(b) The fire of the angel Gavriel can move fire from one place to another.
On what occasion did this occur?
- ... drinks but does not eat?
- ... ate and drank?
- ... consumed liquids and solids alike?
(c) And when did the fire of Hashem consume fire?
(a) On the night following the last day of Sukos, says Rav Yitzchak bar
Avdimi, everyone would look at the smoke of the Ma'arachah. If it was
blowing towards the north, the poor would be happy and the rich sad.
(b) And why would the rich be happy and the poor sad, if it was blowing
towards the south?
(c) If the smoke blew eastwards everybody was happy and if it blew
westwards, they were sad.
(d) Then how do we explain the statement that no wind on earth could
interfere with the pillar of smoke that rose from the Mizbe'ach?
(a) How do we reconcile the previous statement of Rav Yitzchak bar Avdimi
(that the west wind is good for everyone and the east wind, bad) with the
Beraisa, which says the opposite?
***** Hadran Alach Perek Shiv'as Yamim! *****
(b) The north wind is good for wheat that is one third grown, but bad for
budding olives; the south wind is quite the opposite.
By what sign can one
easily remember this?
Answers to questions