POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Zevachim 37
ZEVACHIM 36-40 - Dedicated to the leaders and participants in the
Dafyomi shiurim at the Young Israel of New Rochelle, by Andy & Nancy
1) WHAT DO WE LEARN FROM "V'DAM ZEVACHECHA YISHAFECH"?
(a) (Gemara - Beraisa #1) Question: What is the source that
one Zerikah on the outer Mizbe'ach is Mechaper?
(b) Answer: "V'Dam Zevachecha *Yishafech*" - (this connotes
(c) Question: This verse teaches something else!
1. (Beraisa) Question: What is the source that leftover
blood of all Korbanos is poured on the Yesod?
(d) Answer: Our Tana (i.e. of Beraisa #1) learns that as
2. Answer: "V'Dam Zevachecha Yishafech".
1. (Beraisa - Rebbi): The Torah explicitly taught that
extra blood of a Chatas is poured on the Yesod;
(e) Question: Still, "V'Dam Zevachecha..." teaches something
2. Question: What is the source regarding other
3. Answer: "Veha'Nish'ar *ba'Dam* Yimatze".
1. (Beraisa): Question: What is the source that
Shefichas (pouring) blood on the Mizbe'ach is
Mechaper, even when the Torah said to Zorek (throw)
(f) Answer: Our Tana holds like R. Akiva, who says that
pouring is not considered Zerikah, and Zerikah is not
2. Answer: "V'Dam Zevachecha Yishafech".
1. (Mishnah - R. Yishmael): If one blessed for the
Mitzvah of eating Korban Pesach, he need not bless
for eating the Zevach (a Shelamim eaten with
Pesach); if he blessed for the Zevach, he must also
bless for the Pesach.
(g) Question: Still, "V'Dam..." teaches something else!
i. (We are thinking that this is because the Torah
requires Shefichah for Pesach, and Shefichah is
valid for Shelamim, regarding which it says
Zerikah, but Zerikah is not valid for Pesach.)
2. R. Akiva says, neither blessing exempts the other
1. (Beraisa #2 - R. Yishmael): "Ach Bechor Shor
(...Damam Tizrok...)" teaches that one must put the
blood and Eimurim of a Bechor on the Mizbe'ach;
(h) Answer: Our Tana holds like R. Yosi ha'Galili, who learns
this from a different verse.
i. Question: What is the source for Ma'aser
(Behemah) and Pesach?
ii. Answer: "V'Dam Zevachecha Yishafech".
1. (Beraisa - R. Yosi ha'Galili): It does not say
'Damo' and 'Cheblo', rather, "Damam" and "Chelbam"
(plural, *their* blood and Chalavim) - this teaches
that the blood and Eimurim of Ma'aser and Pesach is
put on the Mizbe'ach.
(i) Question: In Beraisa #2, R. Yishmael used "V'Dam
Zevachecha..." to teach about Ma'aser and Pesach - in the
Mishnah, he (presumably) uses it to teach that pouring is
(j) Answer: The Tana'im of the Mishnah and Beraisa argue
about his opinion.
(k) Question: R. Yishmael says (in Beraisa #2) that "Ach
Bechor..." teaches only about Bechoros - we understand
the next verse, "U'Vsaram Yihyeh Lach " (they are given
1. But R. Yosi says that the verse also alludes to
Ma'aser and Pesach - these are eaten by the owners!
(l) Answer: R. Yosi explains that the plural ("U'Vsar*am*")
teaches that Bechor is given to a Kohen whether it is Tam
or Ba'al Mum;
2) EXPOUNDING "MIKRA" AND "MASORES"
1. We have no other source for this (Rashi; Tosfos - we
never find that a Ba'al Mum is given to a Kohen).
(m) R. Yosi says that the verse also applies to Ma'aser and
Pesach, so "Lo Sifdeh Kodesh Hem" teaches that they are
offered, Temuros of them are not.
2. R. Yishmael learns this from the end of the verse,
1. (Mishnah): Temurah of a Bechor or Ma'aser, or
descendants of one of these (for any number of
generations) is like Bechor and Ma'aser - the owner
eats it like Chulin after it gets a Mum;
(n) Question: R. Yishmael says that the verse only discusses
Bechor - what is his source that Temuros of Ma'aser and
Pesach are not offered?
2. (Mishnah - R. Yehoshua): Sometimes Temurah of a
Pesach is offered, sometimes it is not - I do not
know when it is offered.
(o) Answer - part 1: He learns Ma'aser from a Gezerah Shavah
"Avarah-Avarah" from Bechor;
(p) Answer - part 2: Verses teach about Pesach:
1. "Im Kesev" - this includes Temuras Pesach, it is
offered after Pesach.
(q) Several Tana'im expounded "V'Dam Zevachecha..."
differently - what is their source that one Zerikah of
blood on the Mizbe'ach is Mechaper?
2. Suggestion: Perhaps it is offered even before
3. Rejection: "Hu" (Pesach is offered, not its
(r) Answer: They hold like Beis Hillel, who say that one
Zerikah suffices for Chatas (as we will learn soon), and
learn other Korbanos from Chatas.
(a) (Mishnah - Beis Shamai): Two Zerikos of the blood of a
Chatas are Mechaper.
(b) (Rav Huna): Beis Shamai learn from the three times it
says (to put blood on the) "Keranos" (top corners of the
1. Each is pronounced Keranos (plural, teaching two), a
total of six;
(c) Question: What is Beis Hillel's reason?
2. Since there are only four Keranos, the extra two
teach that two Zerikos are Me'akev.
(d) Answer #1: Beis Hillel expound Mesores (according to the
way words are written) - two of the three 'Keranos' are
written without a 'Vov', suggesting Keranas (singular),
therefore, the total is four;
1. One Zerikah is Me'akev, the other three are
(e) Answer #2: Beis Hillel consider both Mesores and Mikra
(the way words are pronounced);
2. Question: Why not say that all four are only
3. Answer: We never find that a Korban is acceptable
without any Zerikah.
1. We do not learn only four, for the Mikra suggests
(f) Question: If so, Beis Hillel should similarly expound
"Totafos (Tefilin)", two are written without a 'Vov', one
with a Vov;
2. We do not learn six, for the Mesores suggests only
3. (We consider it as if five are written - there are
only four Keranos, the extra one teaches that one
Zerikah is Me'akev.)
1. They should require five compartments in the head
(g) Answer: They hold like R. Akiva, who say that the word
itself means four:
1. 'Tat' means two in Katfi (a language), 'Fos' means
two in Afriki.
(h) Question: Beis Hillel should similarly expound "Sukos",
two are written without a 'Vov', one with a Vov;
1. They should require five walls in a Sukah!
(i) Answer: One of them is needed for context (and is not
expounded), one teaches about the Sechach, three teach
1. A tradition from Moshe from Sinai teaches that one
of the three walls can be as small as a Tefach (if
(j) Question: It says that a Yoledes Nekevah will be Teme'ah
"Shevu'ayim (two weeks)" - Beis Hillel should also
expound the Mesores (without a 'Vov', suggesting 'Shiv'im
(70)'), and we should take the average of these, 42 days!
(k) Answer: It says "K'Nidasah" (Rashi - it is close to the
seven days of Nidah, therefore we do not expound that
way; Tosfos - her Tum'ah is like the (seven) days of
Nidah more than the (seven) days of Yoledes Zachar).