POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Zevachim 40
ZEVACHIM 36-40 - Dedicated to the leaders and participants in the
Dafyomi shiurim at the Young Israel of New Rochelle, by Andy & Nancy
1) BLOOD OF INNER "CHATA'OS" (cont.)
(a) (Beraisa) Suggestion: Perhaps this only applies to the
seven Haza'os, for they are always Me'akev...
2) THE "PAR" OF YOM KIPUR
1. Question: Where do we find that seven Haza'os are
(b) (Beraisa) Question: What is the source that the four
Matanos are Me'akev?
2. Answer (Rav Papa): They are Me'akev in Parah Adumah
and Taharah of a Metzora.
1. Answer: "Ken Ya'aseh".
(c) Question: We know that seven Matanos are Me'akev because
it says 'seven', and "Ka'Asher Asa" repeats the command
1. Likewise, the Torah teaches four Matanos, and
"Ka'Asher Asa" repeats the command!
(d) Answer #1 (R. Yirmeyah): The Beraisa is like R. Shimon
(who needs Ka'Asher Asa to teach four Matanos).
1. (Beraisa - R. Shimon): It says (regarding Par
Mashu'ach) Keranos, teaching two; and also regarding
Par He'elam Davar - "Ka'Asher Asa" teaches that
these are in addition to the two of Par Mashu'ach.
(e) Question: What does R. Yehudah learn from "Ken Ya'aseh"?
2. R. Yehudah says, "B'Ohel Mo'ed" teaches that we must
put on all the (four) Keranos in the Ohel Mo'ed.
(f) Answer: It teaches like the following Beraisa.
1. (Beraisa) Question: What is the source for Semichah
and pouring Shirayim of the blood of the Par of Yom
(g) Question: The Beraisa above (39A-B) learned this from
2. Answer: "Ken Ya'aseh".
(h) Answer: That only teaches about Avodos that are Me'akev
Kaparah - we need Ken Ya'aseh to teach about Semichah and
Shirayim, for these are not Me'akev Kaparah.
(i) Question: How does R. Shimon expound "B'Ohel Mo'ed"?
(j) Answer: This teaches that if there was a break in the
ceiling of the Heichal, the Haza'os may not be done.
(k) Question: What is R. Yehudah's source for this?
(l) Answer: He learns this from "Asher".
1. R. Shimon does not expound "Asher".
(m) Answer #2 (to Question (c) - Abaye): The Beraisa is even
like R. Yehudah - one might have thought, even though the
four Matanos are written and repeated, they are not
Me'akev, just like Semichah and Shirayim.
(a) (Beraisa): "La'Par" - this refers to the Par of Yom
(b) Question: What do we learn from this?
(c) Answer #1: It teaches that the Haza'os of the Par of Yom
Kipur are Me'akev.
(d) Objection: We already know this, it says "Chukah" (this
always teaches that a Parshah is Me'akev)!
(e) Defense of answer (Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak): It teaches
this according to R. Yehudah, who says that "Chukah" only
applies to Avodos in the Kodesh ha'Kodoshim done in the
white garments, and if anything was done out of order, it
was not Mechaper;
1. He holds that Avodos outside the Kodesh ha'Kodoshim
are Mechaper even if done out of order; one might
have thought, since "Chukah" does not apply to them,
they are not Me'akev - "La'Par" teaches, this is not
(f) Objection (Rav Papa - Beraisa - R. Akiva): "*V'Chilah
mi'Kaper* Es ha'Kodesh" - if the Kohen did all the Avodos
normally necessary to Mechaper, Chilah (he finished the
Kaparah, even if some Avodos were omitted);
1. R. Yehudah says, we expound the words in order - if
the Kohen Chilah (finished all the Avodos); he was
Mechaper; if not, not. (This is R. Yehudah's source
that all the Avodos are Me'akev!)
(g) Answer #2 (Rav Papa): "La'Par" - teaches that the laws
learned from "Es", "Ba'Dam" and "V'Taval" apply to the
Par of Yom Kipur (we proceed to explain them):
1. (Rav Acha bar Yakov): (The blood must be put with
his middle finger -) "Es" teaches that a wart on his
finger is Batul to (and considered part of) his
finger, it may be used;
2. "Ba'Dam" teaches that he must receive enough blood
in the vessel to dip his finger in (Rashi - from the
beginning, he cannot add to it blood received in
(h) "Mizbach Ketores ha'Samim" - this teaches that the
Haza'os may not be done on a (new) inner Mizbe'ach until
incense has been offered on it.
3. "V'Taval" teaches that he must dip his finger into
the blood, he may not scrape blood from the wall of
the bucket onto his finger.
4. The Torah must teach both of these.
i. If it only said v'Taval, one might have thought
that even if he did not initially receive
enough blood in the vessel, it is Kosher -
therefore, it says ba'Dam;
ii. If it only said ba'Dam, one might have thought
that he may scrape blood onto his finger
therefore, it says v'Taval.
(i) Support (for Rav Papa - Beraisa - Rebbi): "V'Asa *la'Par*
ka'Asher Asa..." - this teaches that everything (done to
Par He'elam Davar) is done to the Par of Yom Kipur;
1. R. Yishmael says, a Kal va'Chomer teaches this - we
find (two) Korbanos for which different animals are
brought, yet the Avodos are the same - Korbanos for
which when the same animal is brought, all the more
so the Avodos are the same! (This will be
(j) Question: Which Korbanos of different animals does R.
Yishmael refer to?
2. Rather, the first "la'Par" refers to Par He'elam
Davar, and the Torah equates it to Par Mashu'ach
(the second "la'Par" in the verse).
1. Suggestion: He refers to the Par and Sa'ir of Yom
(k) Answer #1: Rather, he refers to Par He'elam Davar and a
Se'ir Avodah Zarah.
2. Rejection: The blood of both of them is brought into
the Kodesh ha'Kodoshim, therefore all their Avodos
are the same - this is no source to equate the
Avodah of Par Yom Kipur to a Par (He'elam Davar)
that is not brought inside!
(l) Rejection: Both of them atone for a known Aveirah, we
cannot learn from them to the Par of Yom Kipur, which
atones for Aveiros (of Tum'ah) that are not yet known!
(m) Answer #2: Rather, he refers to Par He'elam Davar and
Se'ir Yom Kipur;
1. Different animals are brought for them, yet the
Avodos are the same (e.g. dipping the finger in the
blood and sprinkling on the Paroches and the inner
Mizbe'ach - although there are more Matanos of the
blood of the Sa'ir, every Avodah of the Par applies
to the Sa'ir);
2. A Par is brought on Yom Kipur, just like for sin
through Hora'ah of a Mashu'ach (our text, Rashi;
Tosfos - of the Tzibur) - all the more so the Avodos
of these Korbanos should be the same regarding Es,
ba'Dam and Tevilah!
3. This Kal va'Chomer enables us to learn Se'ir Yom
Kipur from Se'ir Avodah Zarah.