POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Zevachim 55
1) "SHALMEI TZIBUR" AND "ASHAMOS" (cont.)
(a) (Gemara) Question: What is the source that they must be
slaughtered in Tzafon?
2) "TODAH" AND "AYIL NAZIR"
(b) Answer #1 (Rabah bar bar Chanan - Beraisa): (On Shavu'os)
"V'Asisem Se'ir...l'Chatas (u'Shnei Kevasim...Shelamim)"
- just as Chatas must be in Tzafon, also Shalmei Tzibur.
(c) Objection (Rava): Chatas itself is learned from a Hekesh
to Olah, it cannot teach about other Kodshim through a
(d) Answer #2 (Rava): We learn as Rav Mari learns.
1. (Rav Mari brei d'Rav Kahana): "Al Oloseichem v'Al
Zivchei Shalmeichem" (this must refer to Shalmei
Tzibur, we play trumpets only for Korbanos Tzibur) -
just as Olah is Kodshei Kodoshim and must be in
Tzafon, also Shalmei Tzibur.
(e) Question (Abaye): Regarding Ayil Nazir it says
v'Ayil...l'Shelamim" - we should say that Ayil Nazir is
Hukash to Chatas, to teach that only male Kohanim may eat
2. Question: What do we learn from the Hekesh to Chatas
(of the Beraisa)?
3. Answer: Just as Chatas is only eaten by male
Kohanim, also Shalmei Tzibur.
(f) Answer #1 (Rava): It says "V'Lakach ha'Kohen Es ha'Zro'a
Beshelah Min ha'Ayil", implying that the rest of the ram
(except for the foreleg (and Chazah v'Shok, which Kohanim
receive from every Shelamim)) is eaten by the owner.
(g) Objection: In any case, we should say that only male
Kohanim may eat the Zero'a (but the next Mishnah permits
Kohanim's wives and slaves)!
1. This is left difficult.
(h) Answer #2: Ayil Nazir is called Kodesh, it is not called
Kodshei Kodoshim (therefore, anyone may eat it).
(i) Question: Why did the Torah equate it to Chatas?
(j) Answer (Rava): (It explicitly says that the Ayil suffices
to permit the Nazir to drink wine) - it is Hukash to
Chatas (and Olah) to teach that any of the three
(a) (Mishnah): Todah and Ayil Nazir are Kodshim Kalim, they
are slaughtered anywhere in the Azarah,
3) OFFERING THE "SHELAMIM"
1. There are two Zerikos of blood which are four;
(b) Gemara (Beraisa - R. Nechemyah) Question: "V'Es Chaze
ha'Tenufah v'Es Shok ha'Terumah Tochlu b'Makom Tahor" -
were the previous Korbanos eaten in a Tamei place?!
2. Anyone may eat the meat within Yerushalayim, cooked
in any way, that day and until half the following
3. However, the parts given to Kohanim may be eaten
only by Kohanim, their wives, children and slaves.
(c) Answer: The place is Tahor from certain Teme'im (they are
forbidden there), and Tamei regarding others (who are
1. A Metzora is forbidden, a Zav is permitted, i.e. the
verse discusses Machaneh Yisrael.
(d) Question: Perhaps a Zav is forbidden and a Tamei Mes is
permitted, i.e. the verse discusses Machaneh Levi!
(e) Answer #1 (Abaye): (Regarding the Minchah it says)
"V'Achaltem *Osah* b'Makom Kadosh" - other Korbanos (i.e.
Lachmei Todah, and Todah also) are not restricted to
Makom Kadosh (Machaneh Shechinah), Machaneh Levi
1. It then says "B'Makom Tahor" (to permit (a place
with) some Tum'ah) - this permits Machaneh Yisrael.
(f) Answer #2 (Rava):"V'Achaltem *Osah* b'Makom Kadosh" -
this permits other Korbanos to be eaten anywhere;
1. It then says "B'Makom Tahor" to require (a place
with some restrictions on Tum'ah, i.e.) Machaneh
(g) Question: Why not say that it requires Machaneh Levi?
(h) Answer: We learn the smallest Chidush, one Machaneh
(higher level of Kedushah).
(i) Question: If so, also "Osah b'Makom Kadosh" should permit
only one more Machaneh for other Korbanos, i.e. Machaneh
(j) Conclusion: We must rely on Abaye's answer.
(a) (Mishnah): Shelamim is Kodshim Kalim, it is slaughtered
anywhere in the Azarah,
1. There are two Zerikos of blood which are effectively
(b) (Gemara - Beraisa): Regarding Shelamim it says "U'Shchato
Pesach Ohel Mo'ed", and two more verses say "V'Shochat
Oso Lifnei Ohel Mo'ed" - these permit the other three
directions for slaughtering Kodshim Kalim; a Kal
va'Chomer teaches that Tzafon is permitted:
2. Anyone may eat the meat within Yerushalayim, cooked
in any way, for two days and the night in between;
3. The parts given to Kohanim may be eaten only by
Kohanim, their wives, children and slaves.
1. Kodshei Kodoshim are permitted in Tzafon, not in
2. Kodshim Kalim are permitted in other directions ,
all the more so in Tzafon;
3. R. Eliezer says, the verse permits slaughtering in
Tzafon; a Kal va'Chomer would have forbidden this:
4. All the other directions are permitted for Kodshim
Kalim; yet they are not permitted for Kodshei
Kodoshim; only one direction (Tzafon) is permitted
for Kodshei Kodoshim, all the more so it is not
permitted for other Kodshim (i.e. Kalim)!
5. Therefore, "Ohel Mo'ed" permits Tzafon.
(c) Question: What do they argue about?
4) FACING THE OPENING OF THE "HEICHAL"
(d) Answer: The first Tana holds that one verse is for simple
Pshat, that the gate of the Heichal must be open, one
permits the sides of the Heichal, one forbids the sides
of the sides (i.e. chambers around the Azarah), the
Tzafon doesn't need a verse.
1. R. Eliezer says that one requires the gate to be
open, one permits Tzafon, and one permits the sides;
i. He holds that it is obvious that the sides of
the sides are forbidden, no verse is needed for
(a) Question: Why does one verse say "Pesach Ohel Mo'ed", the
others say "Lifnei Ohel Mo'ed"?
(b) Answer: This teaches Rav Yehudah's law.
1. Version #1 - (Rav Yehudah (and also Mar Ukva bar
Chama)): If Shelamim was slaughtered before the gate
of the Heichal was opened, it is Pasul - "U'Shchato
*Pesach* Ohel Mo'ed", when it is open, not when it
(c) Clearly, if the door is shut, this is like being locked.
2. Version #2 - Chachamim of Eretz Yisrael - (Rav Yakov
bar Acha): If Shelamim was slaughtered (in the Beis
ha'Mikdash) before the gate of the Heichal was
opened, or (in the Midbar) before the Leviyim
erected the Mishkan or after they dissembled it, it
(d) Question: If a curtain covers the opening, is this
(e) Answer (R. Zeira): Since it is only to stop people from
looking in (Tosfos - it is only for when the door is
open), this is considered open.
(f) Question: If an obstruction is in front of the opening,
what is the law?
(g) Answer (Beraisa - R. Yosi b'Rebbi Yehudah): There were
two openings in Beis ha'Chalifos (extensions of the Ulam
to the sides - R. Yosi considers the Ulam to be like the
Heichal) eight Amos tall, to permit eating Kodshei
Kodoshim and slaughter of Kodshim Kalim in the entire
1. Suggestion: In front of the openings were
obstructions eight Amos tall, and still, they were
considered open (to permit slaughter)!
(h) Rejection: No, there were no obstructions, the openings
were eight Amos tall.
(i) Question (Mishnah): All gates in the Azarah were 20 Amos
tall and 10 Amos wide.
(j) Answer: That does not apply to minor openings.
(k) Question: This only permits the part of the Azarah facing
the Ulam, not the sides!
(l) Answer: The openings were in the corners of Beis
ha'Chalifos (even from the sides faced them).
(m) Question: What opening permits in back of the Kodesh
(n) Answer (Rami bar Rav Yehudah): There was a Lul (window)
enabling one to see into the Kodesh ha'Kodoshim from the
1. Question: What does it mean "Shnayim (Leviyim guard)
2. (Rabah bar Rav Shila): It is as if says 'towards Bar
(outside of the Lul)'.