POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Zevachim 76
ZEVACHIM 76 - sponsored by Dr. Eli Turkel, l'Iluy Nishmas his mother, Golda
bas Chaim Yitzchak Ozer (Mrs. Gisela Turkel), whose Yahrzeit is 25 Av. Mrs.
Turkel accepted Hashem's Gezeiros with love; may she be a Melitzas Yosher
for her offspring and for all of Klal Yisrael.
1) WHEN MAY WE CAUSE "KODSHIM" TO BE WASTED?
(a) Question: Indeed, he allows this l'Chatchilah!
2) "TAHARAH" OF A "SAFEK METZORA"
1. Question #1 (Abaye - Mishnah #1 - R. Yishmael (some
texts - R. Shimon)): Kohanim may eat (almost any)
Kodshim however they want - roasted, overcooked or
cooked; they may mix in spices of Chulin or Terumah.
(b) Abaye reported this dialogue to Rav Yosef.
2. Answer (Rava): Because Terumah of spices is only
mid'Rabanan, we are not concerned lest it becomes
3. Question #2 (Abaye - Mishnah #2): We may not buy
Terumah with money of Ma'aser Sheni, for this limits
the consumption (Rashi - now, the Terumah must be
eaten in Yerushalayim; Tosfos - now, the Ma'aser
must be eaten by Kohanim);
i. R. Shimon permits this.
4. Rava could not answer.
(c) Rav Yosef: You could have asked from another Mishnah!
1. (Mishnah #3): We may not cook Shemitah vegetables in
Terumah oil, lest the Terumah become Pasul.
(d) Abaye: I asked from Mishnah #1, he answered that Terumah
of spices is different, for it is only mid'Rabanan - he
would answer Mishnah #3 similarly, it discusses Terumah
mid'Rabanan (Shitah Mekubetzes - e.g. sesame oil).
2. R. Shimon permits this.
(e) Rav Yosef: If Mishnah #3 discussed Terumah of vegetables
(which is always mid'Rabanan) and Shemitah oil, you would
be right - but it discusses Terumah oil (which is usually
from olives, which is mid'Oraisa) and Shemitah
(f) Abaye: Rabanan asked (end of 75B) from our Mishnah, he
answered that R. Shimon only permits if they already
became mixed - he would answer Mishnah #3 similarly, the
case is, the Terumah and Shemitah were already mixed!
(g) Objection (Rav Yosef): If they were already mixed, why do
Chachamim forbid cooking them together - do they equate
this to an Asham mixed with a Shelamim?!
1. That is different, there is a solution (Ro'im),
therefore we do not cause Kodshim to be wasted -
here, against our will the Terumah must be eaten
with the stringencies of Shemitah!
(h) Question (Ravina): A mixture of pieces of Kodshei
Kodoshim and Kodshim Kalim is different, there is no
alternative - but if Terumah oil was mixed with Shemitah
vegetables, the oil can be squeezed out of the
2. This case (Terumah mixed with Demei Shemitah) is
like a mixture of pieces of Kodshei Kodoshim and
Kodshim Kalim, all agree that all must be eaten with
the stringencies of the more stringent one!
(i) Answer: Rav Yosef holds that it is not feasible to
squeeze out the oil:
1. If we squeeze out a lot (to get out all the oil),
this will ruin the vegetables (and it is forbidden
to ruin Shemitah produce);
2. If we squeeze out a little, some Terumah oil will
remain, it might become wasted (when Bi'ur comes)!
(a) Question (Beraisa - R. Shimon): (A Nazir became
doubtfully Tamei Mes; additionally, he was a Metzora
Muchlat (the Tzara'as is now healed), he is unsure if he
must perform Taharas Metzora or if he already fulfilled
it. He brings Tziporim (birds) today for the first step
of Taharah; on day 30, he shaves all his hair.) The next
day, he brings a (lamb for) Asham Metzora and a Log of
oil, and stipulates:
1. If I need to bring Asham Metzora, this is the Asham
and the oil that must be brought with it; if I need
not bring it, this lamb is a Shelamim;
2. It must be slaughtered in the north (perhaps it is
an Asham), some of the blood must be put on his ear,
thumb and toe, it requires Semichah and Nesachim (in
any case; some say, it is not a proper Semichah, for
Asham Metzora does not require Semichah mid'Oraisa,
so there is no Heter to lean on the Korban) and
Tenufah of Chazeh v'Shok (in case it is a Shelamim);
(b) Answer: (Normally, R. Shimon does not permit wasting
Kodshim l'Chatchilah -) this is an exception, it is
permitted for his Tikun (there is no other way for him to
become absolutely Tahor to eat Kodshim).
3. It may be eaten for only one day and the following
night (in case it is an Asham - Shelamim should be
permitted for two days!)
(c) Question: This explains how we may offer the Asham - how
may we do (Safek) Avodah with the oil, perhaps it is
unnecessary, this is Chulin b'Azarah!
(d) Answer: He stipulates, if he does not need Taharas
Metzora, the oil is Nedavah.
(e) Question: If it is Nedavah, a Kometz must be taken!
(f) Answer: Indeed, we take a Kometz.
(g) Question: If he is a Metzora, seven Haza'os of oil are
(h) Answer: We do seven Haza'os.
(i) Question: If so, a full Log will not remain!
(j) Answer: We add more to restore the Shi'ur.
1. (Mishnah): If the Log is diminished before putting
on the ear, thumb and toe, we add more to restore
(k) Question: If it is Nedavah, we must Maktir the Kometz!
(l) Answer: Indeed, we Maktir it.
(m) Question: When do we Maktir it?
1. If this is after the Haza'os, some of the Shirayim
(leftovers) after Kemitzah are missing before
Haktarah, Haktarah is forbidden in such a case!
(n) Answer (Rav Yehudah brei d'R. Shimon ben Pazi): He does
Haza'ah, stipulating that if this is unnecessary, it is
l'Shem Etzim (like burning wood on the Mizbe'ach, i.e.
not an obligatory Avodah).
2. Version #1 (Rashi): If this is before the Haza'os,
this forbids doing Haza'ah, for (Haza'ah is like
Haktarah, and) it is forbidden Lehaktir Shirayim of
anything which is partially Huktar (burned on the
1. Version #2 (Tosfos): (Even) before the Haza'os, we
may not Maktir the Kometz - since we will do
Haza'os, the oil is like a Korban, "Lo Saktiru"
applies to it (according to R. Akiva).
(o) Answer (Rav Yehudah brei d'R. Shimon ben Pazi): He is
Maktir, stipulating that if this is unnecessary, it is
l'Shem Etzim. (End of Version #2)
1. (Beraisa - R. Eliezer): "L'Re'ach Nicho'ach" - you
may not offer (Chametz or honey (i.e. any sweet
derivative of fruit) on the Mizbe'ach) to fulfill
Hash-m's will, but they may be burned l'Shem Etzim.