POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Zevachim 100
ZEVACHIM 99-100 - sponsored by Harav Ari Bergmann of Lawrence, N.Y., out of
love for the Torah and for those who study it.
1) WHEN DOES PESACH OVERRIDE ANINUS LAYLAH?
(a) Answer #3 (Rav Mari): If the death and burial of the
relative were on the 14th, the Onen does not bring
Pesach; if the death was on the 13th and the burial on
the 14th, the Onen brings Pesach.
1. If both were on the 14th, he does not bring Pesach,
for Aninus applies mid'Oraisa to the night following
(b) Question (Rav Ashi - Beraisa - R. Shimon): Surely I am
right - Chachamim taught that an Onen immerses and eats
Pesach at night, but not other Kodshim!
2. If the death was on the 13th, he brings Pesach, for
Aninus applies only mid'Rabanan to the night
following burial (and Chachamim did not decree to
stop him from bringing Pesach.)
1. According to you (Rav Mari), R. Yehudah could reply,
I only said that Aninus of the night after the death
is mid'Oraisa, I agree that Aninus of the night
after the burial is mid'Rabanan (like Yom Kevurah
(c) This is left difficult.
(d) Answer #4 (Abaye): In both cases, the relative died on
1. If he died before Chatzos (midday, Aninus took
effect before the obligation to bring Korban
Pesach), the Onen must become Tamei, he does not
(e) Question (against support for Abaye, and Answer #2):
Perhaps in both Beraisos the Mes died after Chatzos:
2. If he died after Chatzos (the obligation to bring
Pesach preceded and overrides Aninus), the Onen
3. (The following contradiction supports Abaye, for we
must answer it like Abaye.)
4. (Beraisa #1): "Lah Yitama" - this is a Mitzvah (for
a regular Kohen to become Tamei by engaging in the
burial of his unmarried sister (or another of the
six close relatives));
i. If he does not want to become Tamei, we force
5. Contradiction (end of Beraisa #2 (the entire Beraisa
is brought below)) Question: "Ul'Achoso (a Nazir may
not Metamei himself to bury his sister)" - what is
the Chidush? (The verse already taught that he may
not Metamei himself even for a parent!)
ii. A case occurred, the wife of Yosef ha'Kohen
died on Erev Pesach, and he did not want to
become Tamei - the other Kohanim came together
and forced him to become Tamei against his
i. Answer: This teaches about a Kohen Gadol who
was a Nazir, who was going to slaughter his
Korban Pesach or circumcise his son, and he
heard that a relative died. One might have
thought that he is Metamei himself (and misses
the other Mitzvah) - the verse teaches, this is
6. Answer #1: If the relative died before Chatzos, he
must Metamei himself; if the relative died after
Chatzos, he may not Metamei himself.
ii. Question: We already know "Lo Yitama"! (No one
may Metamei himself if this will prevent him
from offering Pesach! Rashi and Tosfos (Brachos
19B) explain, the Mitzvah of Tum'as Kerovim
does not override Pesach or Milah, which have
iii. Answer: One might have thought, just like he
may not Metamei himself for his sister, the
same applies to a Mes Mitzvah - the verse
teaches (by inference), he may not become Tamei
for a sister, he may become Tamei for a Mes
iv. (This does not resolve the contradiction from
the episode with Yosef ha'Kohen, which holds
that Tum'as Kerovim overrides Korban Pesach.)
1. Beraisa #2 is like R. Yishmael, who says that a
Kohen is permitted but not obligated to Metamei
himself for relatives (therefore, this does not
override his obligation to bring Pesach), Beraisa #1
is like R. Akiva, who says that a Kohen must Metamei
himself for relatives (therefore, this overrides his
obligation to bring Pesach now, he will bring Pesach
(f) Answer: This cannot be, for R. Akiva explicitly taught
the Reisha of Beraisa #2!
2. (Beraisa - R. Yishmael): A Kohen is permitted but
not obligated to Metamei himself to relatives;
3. R. Akiva says, he is obligated.
1. (Beraisa #2 - R. Akiva): (A Nazir may not Metamei
himself to bury a) "Nefesh" - this refers to a
relative; "Mes" - this refers to a stranger (Tosfos
prefers the text in Nazir, which switches these
Drashos, for a relative is a bigger Chidush);
2. "L'Aviv" - he may not Metamei himself for his
father, he is Metamei himself for a Mes Mitzvah;
3. "L'Imo" - a Kohen Nazir may not Metamei himself for
his mother, he is Metamei himself for a Mes Mitzvah;
4. "L'Achiv" - a Kohen Gadol Nazir may not Metamei
himself for his brother, he is Metamei himself for a
5. Question: "Ul'Achoso" - what does this teach?
6. Answer: If a Kohen Gadol Nazir was going to
slaughter his Korban Pesach or circumcise his son,
and he heard that a relative died, one might have
thought that he is Metamei himself - "Ul'Achoso"
teaches, this is not so.
7. Question: We already know "Lo Yitama"!
8. Answer: One might have thought, just like he may not
Metamei himself for his sister, also for a Mes
Mitzvah - the verse teaches, he may not become Tamei
for a sister, he may become Tamei for a Mes Mitzvah.
(g) Answer #5 (Rava): In both cases, the Mes died after
2) YEMEI SHEMU'AH, KEVURAH AND LIKUT
1. If he died before slaughter and Zerikah of the
Onen's Korban Pesach, the Onen does not bring Pesach
(he is not Shalem);
(h) Question (Rav Ada bar Masnah): If he died after slaughter
and Zerikah, the Onen already fulfilled his obligation
(to offer Korban Pesach), why does he eat at night
(overriding Aninus Laylah mid'Rabanan)?
2. If he died after slaughter and Zerikah, the Onen
eats the Pesach at night!
(i) Answer (Ravina): Eating (at least a k'Zayis of) Korban
Pesach is Me'akev the Mitzvah of offering it (Rashi;
Tosfos - it is not truly Me'akev, rather, the Mitzvah of
eating is so important that it overrides Aninus Laylah
(a) We learn this from Rabah bar Rav Huna.
3) ANINUS LAYLAH
(b) (Beraisa): Yom Shemu'ah (the day that one hears that he
lost a relative) is like Yom Kevurah (the day of burial)
regarding Aveilus, we count from it seven days (of
severe Aveilus) and 30 days (of lighter Aveilus), it is
like Yom Likut Atzamos (reinterment of the bones)
regarding eating Pesach;
1. This and this have the same law, he immerses and
eats Kodshim at night.
(c) Question: It says that Yom Shemu'ah is like Yom Kevurah
regarding Aveilus and like Yom Likut regarding eating
Pesach - this implies that Pesach may not be eaten the
night after Yom Kevurah;
1. But then it says, '*This and this* (Yom Kevurah and
Yom Likut) have the same law, he immerses and eats
Kodshim at night!'
(d) Answer #1 (Rav Chisda): Different Tana'im taught these
two clauses (below, we will bring a Beraisa in which
Tana'im argue about the night after Yom Kevurah.)
(e) Answer #2 (Rabah bar Rav Huna): If a Shemu'ah, Likut or
burial was before sunset, there is no prohibition at
night, he may eat any Kodshim;
1. If the Shemu'ah (or Likut or burial) was at night,
this is Yom Shemu'ah (or Likut or Kevurah) itself;
(f) Answer #3 (Rav Ashi): The Beraisa means, Yom Shemu'ah and
Yom Likut are the same, the Onen immerses and may eat
Kodshim at night.
i. (Regarding Yom Kevurah itself, Chachamim
decreed even against eating Pesach; regarding
Yom Shemu'ah or Likut, they decreed against
eating other Kodshim, not Pesach.)
2. Question: If Likut or Shemu'ah was at night, this
was after slaughter and Zerikah, he already
fulfilled his obligation, why may he eat Pesach but
not other Kodshim?
3. Answer: Eating Pesach is Me'akev.
(g) Rejection: This is wrong! The Beraisa just discussed Yom
Shemu'ah and Yom Likut - if it referred to them, it
should have said *these* have the same law! (Instead, it
says 'This and this', i.e. Yom Kevurah and Yom Likut.)
(h) Question: Which argument of Tana'im did Rav Chisda refer
(i) Answer (Beraisa): Aninus lasts the entire day;
(j) Rebbi says, it is as long as the Mes is not buried.
(k) Question: When is this?
1. Suggestion: It is on the day of death.
(l) Answer #1 (Rav Sheshes): It refers to Yom Kevurah (which
was after Yom Misah).
2. Rejection: Surely, all agree that Aninus lasts the
entire day - "V'Acharisah k'Yom Mar"!
(m) Question (Rav Yosef - Beraisa): Yom Shemu'ah is like Yom
Likut - he immerses and eats Kodshim at night.
1. Inference: Yom Kevurah is different, Kodshim are
forbidden even at night.
(n) Answer #2 (Rav Yosef): The Beraisa means, Aninus lasts
the entire day (of burial) *and the following night*;
2. According to Rav Sheshes, this is not like either
1. Rebbi says, it is as long as the Mes is not buried,
but not the night after burial.
(o) Objection (R. Yirmeyah): You cannot say that Rebbi is
more lenient than Chachamim!
1. (Beraisa - Rebbi): Aninus lasts until (the night
after) the Mes is buried, even if this is 10 days
(p) Answer #3 (R. Yirmeyah): The Beraisa means, Aninus lasts
the entire day (of burial) but not the following night;
2. Chachamim say, it lasts until the day (of burial,
not the next night.)
1. Rebbi says, no matter when the Mes is buried, Aninus
takes effect on the following night.
(a) (Rava): Since Rebbi holds that Aninus takes effect on the
night following burial (even though Yom Kevurah is only
mid'Rabanan), he must hold that Aninus takes effect
mid'Oraisa on the night following death! (Chachamim would
not apply stringencies to their decrees (to forbid the
following night) that do not apply to Torah laws.)
(b) Question: But Rebbi holds that Aninus Laylah is not
1. (Beraisa - R. Yehudah): "Hen ha'Yom Hikrivu" - the
Kodshim of the Milu'im were forbidden (to Onenim)
during the day and permitted the next night;
(c) Answer: Chachamim indeed apply stringencies to their
decrees that do not apply to Torah laws.
i. After this (i.e. for all generations), Kodshim
are forbidden (to Onenim) during the day and
the next night.
2. Rebbi says, Aninus Laylah is only mid'Rabanan.