kindertorah.JPG (19131 bytes)

subscribe.gif (2332 bytes)

Simcha Groffman

Previous Issues Back to This Week's Parsha

Kinder Torah
For parents to share with children at the Shabbos Table

Parashas Ki Seitze

Mighty Acts of Chessed

"Abba, we are now about to begin the second bracha of the Amida. I think I see a connection between the end of the first bracha, 'Avos', and the beginning of this bracha, 'Gevuros'."

"Yes, what is it, Avi?"

"'Avos' ends with the phrase, 'Magen Avraham,' the shield of Avraham. The Shechina (Divine Presence) protected Avraham Avinu, and continues to guard us to this very day. How does the Almighty shield us? With His gevura (might)."

"Excellent, Avi! Rav Shimshon Refael Hirsch zt"l makes this connection. If Hashem is our shield, then we need fear nothing, not even death. For He is mightier than death -- He is 'mechaye mesim' (giver of life to the dead)."ii Hirsch Siddur pp. 132-133

"That is a very interesting point, Abba. We normally define a gibbor (mighty person) as someone who can wield destructive power. A strong king or general lays siege to a city, starving out its inhabitants. He then injures, maims, and even kills to conquer the city and enslave its captives. Hashem's gevura is exactly the opposite - total kindness. He provides food for all living beings. He gives life to the dead, supports the fallen, heals the sick, and releases the imprisoned. He uses His awesome power to perform mighty acts of chessed." iii Maharsha Chiddushe Aggados on Taanis 2a

"What a deep insight, Avi! You have put your finger on the theme of this bracha. 'Gevuros' describes Hashem's almighty might to exercise His will at all times under all circumstances. He set up the world to run with apparent regularity according to the 'laws of nature.' When necessary, He overturns those laws to show that He is in control of them and indeed everything in the universe. This bracha cites several examples of this, the most prominent being 'techiyas hamesim' - giving life to the deceased."

"Abba, 'techiyas hamesim' is mentioned five times in this bracha!"

"What an astute observation, Avi. The Siddur Kavannas HaLev explains that this corresponds to the five components of the neshama (soul) of a person. It also corresponds to the five senses through which the neshama perceives the world. The neshama and its senses are removed from the guf (body) at the time of death, and will be returned, b'ezras Hashem, at 'techiyas hamesim.'"

"Speedily in our days!"

"Amen. Let us now proceed step-by-step through the bracha, Avi. It begins with the phrase, 'You are eternally mighty, Hashem.' A flesh and blood ruler's strength weakens as he grows older. However, the Blessed One's might is forever.iiii Shaar HaRachamim, Maggid Tsedek p. 254 The next gevura that we praise is the rain (or dew). Hashem is the One Who brings rain down upon the earth. The Gemoraiiv Taanis 2a refers to the phrase, 'Mashiv ha'ruach u'morid ha'geshem' (He makes the wind blow and He makes the rain descend) as 'gevuros geshamim' - the might of rain."

"What does that mean, Abba?"

"The Gemora asks the very same question Avi! Rebbe Yochanan draws a connection between verses comparing the might necessary to create the world, and the power required to bring rain. Both require strength that is beyond our comprehension.vv Maharsha Chiddushei Aggados on Taanis 2a, Gemora Bava Basra 16a In fact, the Gemoravvi Brachos 33a equates the might of rain to 'techiyas hamesim'!"

"Why is that, Abba?"

"Each drop of rain has its own unique form. Formation of all the raindrops that have fallen on the earth since the beginning of time is mind- boggling.5 Similarly, every drop of rain goes to exactly the place that the Almighty desires. What can match such gevura?vvii Abudarham Additionally, rainfall totally defies the regularity of the laws of nature.vviii Siddur Otzer HaTefillos, p. ? quotes Besamim Rosh who cites the Vilna Gaon. Nature dictates that the heavenly bodies rise and set every day at their appointed times. So too, the tides and the seasons follow their regular schedules. The rain, however, follows no such plan. It may not rain for a long period, and then rain several days or weeks in succession. For this reason, we refer to it as 'gevuros geshamim,' for the might of Hashem is apparent in the rain. In the same way, His gevura is demonstrated in 'techiyas hamesim,' which also goes completely against the laws of nature. Burying the guf in the ground is metaphorically compared to planting the seed in the earth.iix Siddur Otzer HaTefillos, p. 322, Dover Shalom Just as the rain makes it sprout and grow, so too 'techiyas hamesim' will make the deceased sprout and grow again."

"What a great day that will be, Abba."

"Indeed, Avi. Now, let us move on in the bracha. The Gemora4 relates that there are four 'keys' that HaKadosh Boruch Hu does not turn over to a shaliach (agent) - the keys to rain, birth, techiyas hamesim, and parnassa (livelihood). The Gemora cites a verse proving each one.xx Devarim 28:12, Tehillim 145:16, Yechezkel 37:13, Bereshis 30:22 The Turxxi Orach Chaim 114 explains that the 51 words in the bracha of Gevuros correspond to the 51 words in those four verses cited by the Gemora. The first letters of each key - 'mem' (mottur), 'fey' (parnassa), 'tuf' (techiyas hamesim), 'ches' (chaya) form the word 'mafteach' - key. Those four keys are highlighted in our bracha. Mottur is the phrase 'Mashiv ha'ruach u'morid ha'geshem.' Parnassa is the phrase 'Mechalkel chaim b'chessed' (He sustains the living with kindness). Techiyas hamesim is the phrase 'Mechaye mesim.' Chaya (birth) is the phrase 'Mattir asurim' (releases the confined), for the fetus is confined in the mother's womb until the birth releases it. Additionally, the Almighty supports the fallen and heals the sick. Any one of these acts requires power so mighty that we cannot begin to fathom it. How great is the Almighty, who performs them all! 'Who is like You, O Master of Mighty deeds, and who is comparable to you?'"

"No being in existence."

"Precisely, Avi. That is the point of this bracha. Hashem is the only power! He controls everything. How does He use His power? To perform mighty acts of chessed. By contemplating this, we can come to appreciate Him and what He does for us. Ultimately, we can attempt to emulate Him, by performing our own acts of chessed, to the best of our abilities."

"B'ezras Hashem, Abba."


Kinderlach . . .

The Amida prayer is nothing less than standing before Hashem. It is worthwhile for us to contemplate Who we are addressing. In this second blessing, our sages gave us the words to describe the Creator's incomparable might. He created the world and runs it according to the laws of nature. However, He over-rides those laws when necessary to reveal His power. There are four events that are not subject to natural laws at all - rain, livelihood, techiyas hamesim, and birth. These, as well as other mighty acts of kindness - healing the sick and supporting the fallen - all serve to demonstrate that Hashem is The Only Power in the universe, and that He uses His power for kindness. Know Him kinderlach, appreciate Him, and emulate Him. You tefillos and your life will be enriched immeasurably by your closeness to the Almighty Master of Kindness.

i Hirsch Siddur pp. 132-133
ii Maharsha Chiddushe Aggados on Taanis 2a
iii Shaar HaRachamim, Maggid Tsedek p. 254
iv Taanis 2a
v Maharsha Chiddushei Aggados on Taanis 2a, Gemora Bava Basra 16a
vi Brachos 33a
vii Abudarham
viii Siddur Otzer HaTefillos, p. ? quotes Besamim Rosh who cites the Vilna Gaon.
ix Siddur Otzer HaTefillos, p. 322, Dover Shalom
x Devarim 28:12, Tehillim 145:16, Yechezkel 37:13, Bereshis 30:22
xi Orach Chaim 114

Kinder Torah Copyright 2011 All rights reserved to the author Simcha Groffman

NEW!!! NEW!!! NEW!!! NEW!!!
A Children's book by Simcha Groffman
To order your copy, contact the author

Kinder Torah is now available in .PDF format
write for details

Kinder Torah is now available in Hebrew
write for details

4400 copies of Kinder Torah are distributed each week in Arzei Habira, Ashdod, Avnei Cheifetz, Bayit Vegan, Beit E-l, Beit Shemesh, Beit Yisrael, Betar, Bnei Brak, Detroit, Edmonton, Ezras Torah, Gateshead, Geula, Gilo, Givat Shaul, Givat Zev, Har Nof, Haifa, Hayishuv Einav, Katamon, Kiryat Sefer, the Kosel HaMaaravi, Los Angeles, Maale Adumim, Maalot Dafna, Manchester, Mattersdorf, Mattisyahu, Mea Shearim, Miami Beach, Monsey, Netanya, Neve Yaakov, Passaic, Philadelphia, Pisgat Zev, Queens, Ramat Gan, Ramat Sharet, Ramat Shlomo, Ramot, Rannana, Rechasim, Romema, Rechovot, San Simone, Sanhedria HaMurchevet, Shaare Chesed, Shevi Shomron, Telz Stone, Toronto, Unsdorf , Zichron Yaakov, and on the Internet at

To support Kinder Torah, please contact the author at
P. O. Box 5338
Jerusalem, Israel 91052
Tel 972-2-585-2216,
Fax 972-2-585-6872

Partial sponsorships are also available.

Back to This Week's Parsha| Previous Issues

This article is provided as part of Shema Yisrael
Torah Network
Permission is granted to redistribute electronically or
on paper,
provided that this notice is included intact.
For information on subscriptions, archives, and other Shema Yisrael
Classes, send mail to

Shema Yisrael Torah Network
Jerusalem, Israel