|If a hammer is getting
wet in the rain, may one bring it inside?
learned that one is permitted to handle a kli shemlachto lissur
(an item usually used for something that involves an issur) ltsorech gufo
umkomo i.e. if one needs the actual kli or the space it is
However, one is not permitted 1 to handle or
move a kli shemlachto lissur when the intention is to prevent it
from damage or from getting stolen.
If, however the kli will be needed later on
Shabbos, one may bring it inside even though at present he is doing so to protect the kli.2
One is permitted to find something to do with
the kli, even though his primary intention is to protect the kli.3
This is based on a Yerushalmi that brings a case where hunting nets were getting
ruined lying in the sun. The owners asked the Rav what could be done to salvage them, and
he told them to use them as pillows. We learn from this that one may invent
when a loss is involved,4 a use for a kli shemlachto
lissur even though the primary intention is to salvage the kli.
May one bring an expensive camera in
from the porch?
Assuming that the expensive camera is muktze machmas
chisaron kis, it may not be moved or handled even when a loss is involved. In
this case it will not help to invent a need for the kli, because
a kli that is muktze machmas chisaron kis is
forbidden to handle under all circumstances.5
However, one is permitted to cover the camera with a
plastic sheet, box etc to prevent it from getting wet, as the halacha is that one
may move or carry an item for the sake of a muktze. 6
A mezuza fell out of its case,
may it be picked up? Put back into the case?
A gett (divorce certificate) may be handled on
Shabbos, because one can learn from it the halachos of a gett.7
We can learn from this that a mezuzah lying in ones drawer may be handled as
well, because one can learn from it or read the Shma. However, if one was
particular not to handle it, it would be muktze. 8
As for a mezuzah on ones doorpost: Some
authorities pointed out that it is muktze similar to a door that came off its
hinges. Others argue saying that a door is part of the house and as such it is not an
article that may be moved around, unlike a mezuzah, which is not part of the house.
Whatever the case, one may pick it up off the floor to prevent its dishonor, but should
avoid fixing it to the doorpost on Shabbos.9
Am I permitted to lean onto something muktze?
The Rama tells us that muktze may be touched
but not moved. This, however seems to contradict another halacha 10
which says that one may cover a muktze as long as one does not touch it while doing
so. The Mishna Berura 11 reconciles the two by saying that the latter halacha
is referring to the covering of an egg laid on Shabbos. Since an egg is oval in shape,
touching it will definitely move it, and therefore it may not be touched. Other muktze
items that will not move when touched may be touched.
As for leaning on muktze: we find in the Mishna
Berura 12 that one may sit on something muktze, and leaning, of
course, would be the same. However, using muktze (even without handling it with
ones hand) is forbidden, see the Shmiras Shabbos Kehilchasa. 13
 Simon 308:3
 Thila Ldovid simon 308:5.
 MB simon 308:16. Oruch haShulchan 308:14.
 Oruch haShulchan ibid.
 Simon 308:1.
 Simon 310:6.
 Rama Even Haezer simon 136. MB simon 307:63.
 Shaar Hatsiun 307:70.
 See the Shmiras Shabbos Kehilchasa 20 footnote 33
 Simon 310:6.
 Simon 310:22.
 See MB simon 308:82 & 88.
 Chapter 20 footnote 6&7.
Food For Thought
May a broken kli be
May one move shards that present a
Does a broken kli
discarded before Shabbos become muktze, even when it is suitable for various uses?
What if discarded on Shabbos?
If a pair of decent shoes was discarded
before Shabbos, do they become muktze?
Answers coming next week.
Vort on the Parsha
The possuk says (21:5-6) the Kohanim
are not to shave their heads or scratch their flesh. The Maharil Diskin Ztzl
explains that the gentile priests drastically change their outwards appearance because
their internal self does not differ from other peoples, whereas the kohanim were
commanded to be holy an inner trait, which negates the need for drastic, outer
The tzadikkim were always distinguished by their pure,
unselfish deeds, manner of speech and true benevolence unto others.