shabbos candles

Weekly Halachos Series on
Hilchos Shabbos

shabbos candles

Published by
Pirchei Shoshanim

A Project of
The Shema Yisrael Torah Network

Based on the Shiurim Given by

Rabbi Dovid
Ostroff, shlita

developed from the Chabura of the
Pirchei Shoshanim Semicha Program

These Halachos were shown by Rabbi Ostroff to
HaGaon HaRav Moshe Sternbuch, shlita


Questions for the Week of Parshas Vayeishevsubscribe

Is it muter to move pots on the blech closer to the flames?

In the Iggros Moshe1 it says that if the food is fully cooked, and is situated on the blech on a spot that is yad soledes bo2, one may move the food closer to the flames. See also Sefer Sh’miras Shabbos Kehilchaso 1-footnote 111.

If after closing a pot I realized that the food was not yet fully cooked, may the food be eaten?

Last week we learned that it is ossur to put a lid on a pot of food not fully cooked. If however, the food was already cooked to the degree of ma’achal Ben Derosai3, and the lid was put back, the food may be eaten. 4

By mistake I took the cholent pot off the blech thinking that it was the soup pot, may I put the cholent pot back?

This is a difficult one, and there are various opinions on this matter. HaRav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach Ztz”l5 holds that one may return the food, see the reference in the footnote.

Are there any halachos as to how one is allowed to wrap towels around pots on the blech?

Yes there are, and the source for these halachos is in simon 257. In a nutshell:

It is ossur to enwrap (hatmana) with towels, pillows etc. a pot of food that is on the fire (or blech or hot plate). If, however, a noticeable amount of the pot remains uncovered, it is permitted.6 For example: if one leaves the top uncovered and only enwraps the sides7, or if only covers the top. Therefore, when placing a challa to warm on top of the urn, one must take care not to totally enwrap the challa with a towel.

One of the conditions of chazora is that the pot must be held in one’s hands. I also recall that one should not take food out of the pot while it is still on the blech or hot plate8, yet I am not a magician. How is it done?

A If there are two people, one can hold the pot and the other can take out the food. If you are by yourself, you may place the pot on the counter all the while holding the pot with one hand, take out the food, and return the pot to the blech or hot plate.9

A Vort on the Parsha

It says in the possuk (37:24), that the pit was empty, it had no water.

Rashi explains that although it did not contain water, it contained snakes and scorpions instead.

The Vilna Gaon explains that since the Torah is compared to water, when a person is void of Torah, he becomes filled with evil ideas and inclinations.

This is analogous to the explanation of the Gaon to the Possuk in Mishlei that says that a person must strive in his daily actions to raise himself to higher levels in order to prevent one from going down. The Gaon explains that if a person does not continually rise, he will automatically plunge downwards.

Picture yourself climbing the going-down escalator, if you ascend slower than the descending speed of the escalator or if you stand still for even a split second, you immediately descend. This world pulls us downwards, and to remain spiritually high, one has to continually ascend to higher levels.

Food For Thought

If the flames or electricity has gone out from under my pots, may I take the pots to a neighbor’s blech or hot plate?

If the cholent is burning, what may be done to save it?

If the fire extinguished under the blech, may I ask a non-Jew to relight the fire?

Food was cooked for an ill person, is it muter for someone healthy to eat the leftovers?

Answers coming next week.

Iggeres HaGra - (part 1)

It is well-known that this world is all emptiness, that every amusement is worthless, and woe is anyone who pursues vanity, which is worthless. And don't envy the rich, for "riches are hoarded by their owner to his misfortune" (Koheles 5:12); "As he had come from his mother's womb, naked will he return...exactly as he came he must depart, and what did he gain by toiling for the wind?" (ib. 14, 15); "Even if he should live a thousand years twice over, but find no contentment - do not all go to the same place?" (Ib. 6:6); "Even if man lives many years, let him rejoice in all of them, but let him remember that the days of darkness will be many. All that comes is futility" (ib. 11:8); "And of joy, what does it accomplish?" (ib. 2:2). Tomorrow you will cry for having laughed today.  

[1] Orach Chayim 4, simon 61. However see simon 74-12.

[2] See last weeks page for an explanation. Roughly it means a temperature of 40– 45 C.

[3] Ben Derosai is a name of a thief, mentioned in the Gemora, who would eat his meal before it was fully cooked. There is a machlokes (dispute) between Rashi and the Rambam as to whether this degree is 1/3 cooked or 1/2.

[4] Based on M”B 318:27.

[5] Sh’miras Shabbos Kehilchasa vol 3 1:20

[6] Sh’miras Shabbos Kehilchasa 1:66 in the footnote.

[7] M”B simon 278:2

[8] The Chazon Ish (37:15) however, permits taking food out of a pot even while it is on the fire, taking care not to stir the ingredients.

[9]The Rama, by the way, in simon 253:2 says oda b’yado – in his hand (not hands).

For a printed version, click here.

In memory of HaRav HaGaon Aryeh Lieb zt'l ben HaRav HaGaon Refoel Shmuel Shilita

One may receive and distribute these weekly shiurim by calling or writing: Office 99 Rechov Bayit Vegan, Yerushalayim,
Phone Numbers:U.S. and Canada 732-370-3344 Israel 972-8-974-4177
 South Africa 2711-728-4275 England 44161-792-2492 Australia 61-296835626
e-mail:, or, weekly sponsorships are available as well. 

Note:  The purpose of this series is intended solely for the clarification of the topics discussed and not to render halachic decisions. It is intended to heighten everyone's awareness of important practical questions which do arise on this topic.  One must consult with a proper halachic authority in order to receive p'sak.