|If an item was usable
when Shabbos began and during Shabbos became unusable and hence muktze, if it
becomes usable again does it remain muktze?
An example of this would be when a sock lands into a bowl of water (ever removed
your sock into the neggel vasser bowl?). Chazal instituted a gzeira
1not to handle wet clothes (that one is particular about them being wet) lest
he wrings them, and hence are muktze. If and when the clothes eventually dry they
will not be muktze any longer. This is based on a rule which says that an item's
destiny is decided at the commencement of Shabbos. If for whatever reason an item becomes muktze
on Shabbos, as soon as the reason for the muktze is no longer applicable, the item
will revert to its original state of not being muktze. 2
On the other hand, when an item began the Shabbos being muktze,
it will remain muktze for the entire Shabbos, even though the cause for that muktze
in no longer relevant. 3
Is one permitted to cover a newly laid
egg on Shabbos? What about placing a plate beneath it to catch it?
There is an often-quoted opinion in the gemora 4who
holds that it is forbidden to move a permitted kli for the sake of a muktze.
Accordingly one would not be permitted to cover a newly laid egg (which is muktze)
on Shabbos. The halacha is not like this opinion, and therefore one may take
a bowl or cup and cover an egg even though it is muktze.
However, because an egg is oval shaped and will move when
even lightly touched, one must take extra caution not to touch the egg with the bowl when
covering it. 5If, on the other hand, the muktze item would not move when
touched, then it is not imperative that the bowl will not touch it. 6
It is forbidden to place a plate beneath an egg that is muktze
because of the prohibition of bitul kli meheichano rendering a kli
unusable on Shabbos. Since the egg is muktze it causes the kli placed
beneath it to be muktze as well, and one is forbidden to cause a kli
to become muktze on Shabbos. 7
Under which muktze-status do you
classify a wallet with money inside and without?
We must first define the status of money and purses
Money is classified as muktze machmas gufo,8
which places it in the same category as sticks and stones, because it is not called a kli.
The rule applying to this category is that it is forbidden to move it even ltsorech
gufo umkomo for the sake of using the actual coin or to use the space it
A purse is called a kli shemlachto
lissur 9 a kli used for an issur, i.e.
storing money. Therefore, if the purse was empty when Shabbos began it has a status of a kli
shemlachto lissur and may be moved or handled ltsorech gufo
umkomo. Accordingly it may be removed from ones trouser pocket in the
regular manner. If the purse contained money when Shabbos began, since money is muktze
machmas gufo, the purse attains the identical status as the money due to the halacha
of being a basis ldavar haassur being a base, a stand, for the muktze.
10In such a case it would be forbidden to remove the wallet or purse from
ones trouser pocket in the regular manner. It would have to be tipped out.
Does money in a jacket pocket render
the entire jacket muktze?
In sheet #29 we explained that money forgotten in a Shabbos
jacket will not render the jacket muktze, but money in a weekday jacket pocket is
different, because it was placed there purposely. Sometimes the entire jacket will become
muktze, as follows:
- If the pocket is the shirt type where the item rests on the
actual garment, and the money was purposely placed there, the shirt will be muktze,
as it is a basis to the money.
- If the pocket is the trouser type, which does not rest on
the actual garment, and the money was purposely placed there, the pocket will be muktze
but not the garment itself.
The Shulchan Aruch HaRav 14 does not require one to
shake out the muktze (as far as handling the garment goes, but as for wearing
the garment he says that it should not be worn lest one walks out into a public domain
with the item in his pocket) but the Mishna Berura 310:29 says that when possible
(even just for handling the garment), the muktze should be shaken out of the
 Rama in simon 301:46.
 Simon 310:3.
 See MB 310:16.
 See R Nechemia in Shabbos 43a and 124a.
 MB simon 310:22.
 Ibid. This is the opinion of the Beer Hagolah and the Vilna Gaon,
contrary to the MA and the Taz.
 Simon 310:6.
 MB simon 310:7. See the SSK 20:20 where he says that
paper money is muktze machmas chisaron kis.
 Rama in simon 310:7, MB 27. SSK 20:16.
 Rav Sternbuch Shlita pointed out that if there are other items (even though
they may be muktze) of a different status and are more important than the money,
the wallet will be a basis to them.
Food For Thought
A pocketknife where some of the
items are non-usable on Shabbos, may I handle the pocketknife?
Nail clippers are attached to my bunch
of house keys, are they muktze? What about the car key on the bunch?
If I need an onion that is buried in a
pile of raw potatoes, by extracting the onion the potatoes will move. Am I permitted to
extract the onion?
Answers coming next week.
Vort on the Parsha
The possuk says and you shall teach
your children, which Rashi explains to be referring to pupils, who are
regarded as children.
Rav Sternbuch Shlita points out that we see from
here that a teacher must not give up on a difficult pupil, just as he would not admit
defeat to his own blood and flesh. Every child has hidden treasures within, and with the
correct nurturing and gentleness he can be transformed into a beautiful blossom.