|Please note: The next two issues deal
with the chagim and are not developed from the Chabura of the Shulchan Aruch Learning
If one forgets Yaaleh
Vyavo in the bentching (birkas hamazon) of the night or day of Rosh
HaShana, is he required to bentch again?
The general rule with regards to Yaaleh
Vyavo is that when one is required to partake of bread at the meal, if Yaaleh
Vyavo is omitted one must bentch again. Therefore, on the first night and
day of Succos when one is obligated to eat bread at the festive meal, if Yaaleh
Vyavo was omitted one must bentch again. 1
On Rosh Chodesh one need not partake of bread at his
meal and therefore if Yaaleh Vyavo was omitted one is not required to bentch
The points of debate with regards to Rosh HaShana are
twofold. A) According to some opinions one is permitted to fast on Rosh HaShana3
and hence exempt from eating therefore not being required to say Yaaleh
Vyavo. B) If one omits Yaaleh Vyavo in the Shmoneh
Esreh on the night of Rosh Chodesh he is not required to repeat the tfilah
because the Beis Din would not sanctify the new month at night. The same applies to
Rosh HaShana. Accordingly one might be exempt from having to repeat his bentching
upon omitting the Yaaleh Vyavo.
HaGaon Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach ztzl
writes 4that one is required to repeat the bentching, because a)
although one is permitted to fast on Rosh HaShana but at night it is forbidden, as
ruled by the Mishna Berura 596:5. B) On behalf of Rosh Chodesh it
is true one would not be obligated to bentch again but since it is Yom Tov he
HaGaon Rav Moshe Sternbuch shlita however
holds that 5although fasting is forbidden bread is not obligatory, and therefore Yaaleh
Vyavo is not obligatory either.
The optimal thing to do therefore is not to forget to say Yaaleh
Is one permitted to take food out of
the refrigerator/freezer on Shabbos day (this year Rosh HaShana) in order for it to
defrost for the second night of Rosh HaShana?
Normally one is forbidden prepare on Shabbos
for after Shabbos and on Yom Tov for after Yom Tov.
However, the Shulchan Aruch HaRav 6says
that one may soak meat (which enables it to be salted after Yom Tov) on Yom Tov even
though one is forbidden to wash dishes on Yom Tov for after Yom Tov, because soaking in
water is not an active involvement as one is merely placing the meat into water, unlike
washing dishes where one is actively cleaning the dishes. Harav Ezriel Auerbach shlita
learns from this that one may take frozen food out of the freezer because one is merely
changing its location and one is not doing an active preparation for after Shabbos. 7
Other poskim learn as follows: The Mishna Berura 8quotes
the Chayei Adam saying that if one will not find wine easily on the second night of
Yom Tov one may obtain wine on the first day for the second, but it must be done early in
the day so that it should not be noticeable that it is done for after the first Yom Tov.
Accordingly, since it is virtually impossible to defrost
food after the first day of Rosh HaShana for the night meal, it is permitted to
take food out of the freezer for the second night of Yom Tov, provided that it is done
early enough on Shabbos so that theoretically it could be still be eaten on Shabbos. 9
If a doctor or medic was called out of
shul on the second day of Rosh HaShana between the first set of tkios
(shofar blowing) and the second set, must he make a brocho over the
The Shulchan Aruch 10rules that one must
refrain from talking between the brocho of the shofar until after the
completion of the tkios blown during the mussaf. The Rama adds
that if nevertheless one did speak he need not repeat the brocho.
The same would apply to our case. If however he was called
out before hearing the minimum set of tkios he might be required to make a
new brocho and a rav should be consulted.
May one pop an Acamol, Aspirin or
Tylenol due to a headache on either day of Rosh HaShana?
As opposed to the second day of a regular Yom Tov (outside
of Eretz Yisroel) the two days of Rosh HaShana are considered as one long
day (at least lchumra)11 and are treated, in most aspects, as one.
Therefore, the second day of Rosh HaShana does not
have any special leniencies as far as treating the non-critically ill is concerned and one
may not take any medication, on either day, unless he has fallen to bed or the pain he is
experiencing affects his entire body. (We are not referring here to people taking
antibiotics or any other complicated medical matters).
For example, one who has a slight headache may not take any
medication to relieve his pain because he is not considered being ill. On the other hand a
sever headache or migraine affects ones entire body (besides often having to go to
bed) and one may feel free to take medication to relieve the pain.
 Simon 188:6 and MB 26.
 MB 188:26.
 Mentioned in the Rama in simon 596. This only applies to one who finds
that he cannot eat, or derives greater satisfaction from not eating, on the Day Of
Judgment. See the Darchei Moshe Haaroch ibid. See also the Shaar
 Minchas Shlomo vol. II simon 60:27.
 Tshuvos VHanhagos vol. II simon 269.
 Simon 500:20.
 There is reason to say that this may be even better than bringing wine from a
storeroom, because here one is merely removing the cold and not
preparing the food.
 Simon 667:5.
 See also the Piskei Tshuvos simon 503. Yom Tov Sheini Kehilchaso 1
footnote 28. SSK 10:10 and the footnote and the corresponding notes in the 3rd
vol.  Simon 592:3.
 They are not considered as one for all things otherwise one would be permitted to
prepare from one day to the other.
May Hashem grant His children a year of health and
happiness, prosperity and well-being, love and kindness towards others and everything of
May His people never experience pain and sorrow again and
He should comfort us by bringing the Moshiach and building the Bais HaMikdash speedily
in our days.