Is it permitted to cook for the second day’s meals before
the first day’s meals and taste the food?
previous shiur we learned that one is permitted to cook more
than necessary for the first day’s meal. The heter is
to add more food to the pot before placing it on the fire,
or to add food to the pot after being placed on the fire, if
the additional food improves the taste or quality of the
food already in the pot.
But if one is only cooking for the
second day’s meals?
a serious problem because the heter above is based on
ribui shiurim – cooking more than necessary, it is
not a heter to cook solely for the second day. As a
result the idea of tasting was suggested. If one was
to cook (on the first day) solely for the second day and
taste the food after cooking, thereby deriving pleasure
from the food on the first day, it would seem to permit its
cooking. Again the problem is an apparent case of
äòøîä – trickery, because
one is cooking solely for the second day without deriving
substantial benefit from that cooking.
So what’s the halacha?
It is not
so simple. Many poskim hold that it is
äòøîä and forbidden.
Many other poskim conclude that one may cook
before the meal (on the first day) and eat a portion
Shulchan Aruch HaRav
and others say that the prevalent custom is to cook for the
2nd day but add certain stipulations, as follows.
not verbally say that one is cooking for the 2nd
not add to the pot once on the fire, because one intends
eating a small amount and the additional amount is
purely for the 2nd day.
cook before the 1st day’s meal, not
after. The reason is because ideally one could eat
the food today, on the first day, and cooking after the
Yom Tov meal is clearly for the 2nd day – a
äòøîä. If however one
really wishes to eat a portion of food on the first day
one may cook after the meal as well.
heating cooked food, see further.
What about preparing things for the
second day without doing a melacha?
The Rama writes
that one may not bring tables from the sukkah into the house
on the last day of Sukkos because one is “preparing” on the
1st day of Yom Tov for the 2nd day.
The poskim explain that the Rama means that
one may not place legs and boards to form the table, but to
carry them from the sukkah to the house is not hachana
the Magen Avraham writes one may not arrange candles
for the night (2nd day Yom Tov) on account of
hachana, even though this does not involve a melacha.
May one remove frozen food from the freezer on the first day
for the night meal?
It is not feasible to remove frozen food from the freezer at
night because it will not be ready on time for the night
Auerbach shlita rules that it may be taken from the
freezer on the 1st day because such a small
action is not called hachana.
But the halacha says that one may
not bring wine on the 1st
day for the 2nd?
True, the Magen Avraham
does say that and it is cited by the Mishna Berura
and other poskim, but it is possible they were
referring to wine drawn from a barrel, which is a
significant action, but bringing a wine bottle is permitted.
When may one heat the food for second day Yom Tov?
It is customary to only heat the food after nightfall
because heating it during the day is clearly for nighttime.
If one needs to feed children or the elderly that cannot
wait for nighttime, it may be heated during the day.
What about laying the table for nighttime?
Even though a set or laid table looks beautiful and
dignifies the Yom Tov, nevertheless it is obviously being
done for nighttime and ossur. However, one may cover
the table with a tablecloth because that is done for first
day Yom Tov as well.
May one prepare on first day Rosh Hashana for the second?
The halacha considers the two days Rosh Hashana as a
single holy day and as two individual days; both l’chumra.
One may not
prepare on the 1st day for the 2nd,
because they are two separate days.
other hand, an egg laid by a hen on the first day of Yom Tov
may be handled and eaten on the second day, because one of
the days is intrinsically a weekday. But an egg laid on
first day Rosh Hashana is ossur because the two days
are one long holy day.