Is one permitted to
wash fruit on Shabbos, which is in effect removing dirt etc from the fruit?
tells us that one is forbidden to soak karshinim that are mixed with peels and
other refuse in water, which action will separate the karshinim from the peels. The
adds that it is similarly forbidden to pour water over potatoes etc in order to clean them
of their soil particles.
This implies that
one is forbidden to wash fruit and vegetables on Shabbos.
want to differentiate between soaking in water and washing fruit under running water.
Rav Moshe Feinstein ztzl
presents a few reasons why washing fruit is permissible. 1. When dirt covers the fruit,
one may wash it off prior to eating just as one is permitted to peel garlic and onions
prior to consumption.
2. In many cases
people eat fruit or vegetables without washing these items and in such cases the dirt is
not considered psoles at all.
Rav Moshe concludes
that perhaps only soaking in water is considered 'derech b'reira' but washing with water
Did the Mishna Berura not say that it is
not permitted to pour water over potatoes as well?
True, he did, and we
can say that he also means that the water is being used as a separator and not as a
cleaner, for example: it is forbidden to place potatoes etc inside a bowl and run water
into the bowl where the water would separate between the food and the dirt. This is how
the 'Ketzos HaShulchan'
explains the MB, because he also understands that it is obvious that washing
fruit the way we usually do is not called borer at all but rather it is compared to
peeling fruit, which is permitted prior to consumption.
Rav Shlomo Zalman
Auerbach ztzl is also of the opinion that washing fruit the way we do has
nothing to do with the case of the Shulchan Aruch.
Undoubtedly, if it
is possible to wash the fruit before Shabbos one should do so. Once washed before Shabbos
and one wants to wash the fruit again on Shabbos for added cleanliness (and the fruit are
still clean) one may do so.
are not so lenient and do not differentiate between soaking and washing and therefore
require that all dirty fruit should be washed before Shabbos unless it is fruit that most
people would consume without washing beforehand.
Am I permitted to pour out the oil that lies
atop the tuna in a can of tuna fish, or must I remove the tuna together with the oil?
We will begin with
the simple case. The oil sitting atop the tuna fish is not mixed with the fish and hence
its separation is not borer. Therefore one may pour out the oil that is above the
To pour out all the
oil, or at least as much as possible is forbidden, even when performed prior to
consumption, because one is pouring out the psoles from the ochel.
The more innovative
case is when one wishes to pour off surplus oil and requires some oil to remain. Rav Moshe
when asked a similar question, replied that if one wishes to pour out excess soup so that
some soup will remain with vegetables it is permitted, as long as one does not pour out
all the soup.
Here too, since one
wants some oil to remain with the tuna, one has not really separated between the two.
(Although we know that removing one stone from flour is forbidden even though other stones
remain, the reason being is because a stone is an absolute psoles whereas two
types of food which we want to remain together are not labeled as psoles
unless we require their total separation).
applies itself to many cases and one must take care not to pour out juices etc from foods.
The sweater I need is in the middle of a pile
of sweaters, am I permitted to remove the top ones in order to reach the sweater I need?
teaches us that one may move sweaters etc out of the way in order to reach a sweater
located somewhere in the middle of the pile if required for immediate use. This is true
for a pile of clothes on a chair next to ones bed when one is looking for an article
of clothing somewhere in the middle. The chidush is that we do not say that when
actually removing the outer laying one has already separated between the items
and liable for Borer. On the other hand, one may not remove dirt from a mixture and
say that he is merely doing so to reach the mixture, because by actually removing the dirt
one is separating between psoles and ochel.