Removing ochel from psoles
is a precondition of Borer, how long before eating or using may it be done?
As mentioned in the earlier sheets there are
three conditions that must be complied with in order to permit the separating of food and
refuse, ochel and psoles. Namely removing the ochel from the psoles
and not the p'soles from the ochel. Immediately prior to consumption and
with ones hand, not with a kli.
The reason for the precondition prior
to consumption is in order that the separation should be as a 'derech achila' a manner of consumption and
not as a 'derech b'reira'.
The ideal 'borer' (separation) is to separate the ochel from the psoles
and store the ochel in a storeroom or warehouse for later use. In order to avoid
that association one must separate as close as possible to use or consumption as possible.
The Bais Yosef even quotes Rishonim
who hold that one may only separate for immediate consumption and not for the entire meal.
The halacha, as written in the Mechaber
and the Rama is that one may separate by the way of removing the ochel from
the psoles immediately prior to ones meal. The Rama adds that
one may separate before the meal whatever one needs for the entire meal, even for the last
The Mishna Berura
comments that even if the meal is intended to take a long time one may separate before the
meal, but if one separates more than is required for the meal with the intention of eating
it later, even though one is merely adding items to the separating process one will liable
to bring a korban chatas, i.e. one has committed an issur doraisso.
When many guests are
attending the meal, may I separate for all of them?
says that one person may separate for others even if that person is not eating at all. In
other words, a cook or a server may separate for others. This does not alter the fact that
the separation must be done immediately prior to consumption.
Accordingly one may calculate the time it
will take to separate items according to the amount of people partaking of the meal and
begin separating accordingly. The reason for this heter is the same as one
separating for oneself it is ??? ?????.
Some opinions hold that even when preparing
for many guests one may only begin doing borer not more than half an hour prior to the
If, for example, I need to prepare the meal
and part of that preparation involves borer, must I postpone the separation to as
close to the meal as possible or can I include it anywhere as part of the preparation?
The Mordechai, quoted by the Bais
Yosef, says that one must commence and finish eating immediately after separation. HaRav
Eliashiv shlita learns from this Mordechai that separation must be the last
action performed prior to eating. In other words, separating may not be automatically
included as part of the general preparations of a meal because the heter is ??? ????? and therefore it can only be
done immediately prior to eating. HaRav Ezriel Auerbach shares the same view.
May the housewife set the table and then go to shul?
Ideally a person may only separate prior to
eating. The poskim say that separating before a meal for the entire meal is also
considered ??? ?????. However,
anything done prior to that is a classical case of separation and forbidden.
Therefore the housewife may only separate directly prior to the
meal and not plan anything between the separating and the meal.
She may not intentionally plan to daven
at home or go to shul after peeling eggs, sorting cutlery, peeling onions, and any other
separating. She may of course set the table and then go to shul if no separating is
involved when setting the table.
Is one permitted to remove a chumash
from within a jumble of seforim, when the chumash is only needed after shacharis?
The entire davening is compared to a
meal, where the shachris is the first course, reading the Torah as the second and mussaf
as the third. Therefore one may prepare for the reading of the Torah before davening
and not have to go immediately before reading the Torah and find a chumash. (Seforim
lined neatly on the shelf
are not considered in a mixture because each sefer is noticeable and discernable).
Can the mother prepare the childrens
clothing before going to bed at night?
Here too separating may only be done prior to
use and if the clothes are in a jumble or in a mixture she may not prepare the clothes
before going to bed because it is separating not prior to use.