Is one permitted to
remove food from the freezer, from within a mixture,  long before a meal (or on Friday night) in
order for it to defrost before the next meal?
This is a difficult question. According to
Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach
ztzl the answer would be that it depends on the nature of the food. If it is
food that is regularly kept in the freezer and one would normally only remove it a few
hours before consumption in order to prevent the food from spoiling, then it is ??? ????? and one may do so on Shabbos
as well. If however it is food that can be kept in the refrigerator as well (or it can
even be stored in a cupboard) and one is merely freezing it to prolong its shelf life,
since it could have been removed from the freezer long before eating without any negative
consequences, it is not called ??? ?????
to remove it from the freezer, and it should either be removed before Shabbos, or placed
in the freezer in such a way that it is not within a mixture.
Others hold that since borer involves
a melacha doraisso one should only prepare close to the meal.
wish to refrigerate a tin of peaches 3-4
hours before the meal. The problem is that the tin is in a jumble together with other
tins. May I remove that particular tin and refrigerate it, when after all it is being
removed 3-4 hours prior to consumption?
This question is similar to the previous one by
way of preparing long before the upcoming meal but without a possibility of doing the
separating any closer to the meal.
From Rav Shlomo
we can understand that since this preparation need not have been done 3 hours before the
meal, rather it could easily have been done before Shabbos, it is not necessarily called ??? ????? and therefore it may not be
done. According to the stringent opinion mentioned in the previous answer, this
preparation is prohibited regardless.
What if I have a bunch of tinned fruit in a
jumble (the same with drinks) and I remove one of them for later but without looking at
which one I take?
In such an event the
tins are not regarded as two types or species and therefore the removing of one from
within the mixture will not be considered separating. This is similar to a bunch of
assorted colored socks and one does need any particular color. Removing one for later
would not be Borer because they would not be classed as a mixture rather as socks
Am I permitted to sort the cutlery, i.e.
knives with knives forks with forks when washing the dishes on Friday night?
Subsequent to washing silverware one usually
places them into a compartment for them to dry. Since this arrangement is a
complete mixture, sorting each item into its own compartment, or setting the table on
Friday night for the Shabbos day is Borer.
Am I permitted to remove each piece blindly and
then place it into its compartment?
No, since after all
the purpose of your removing the silverware is to sort them out.
How then can they be sorted and placed in their
There are two
answers. The first is that it is not a calamity if they are not sorted out on Friday
night. The second is to blindly remove each item from the drying compartment in order
to dry it, and once in ones hand it may be placed in its respective compartment.
This is permitted because the intention is not to organize the silverware rather it is to
If the sole purpose is to organize the silverware it is forbidden.
Children playing board games on Shabbos: when
are they permitted to sort the pieces, cards etc and when are they not permitted to do so?
If the cards, chess
pieces etc. are in a mixture and one wishes to set up the game, one may do so, because
this is sorting immediately prior to use. It is forbidden to do so if one does not intend
playing right away. After the game it is forbidden to place each piece in its proper
place, because one is sorting for later.
A beautiful question
was raised with regards to certain card games: certain card games prescribe
that one discard a card from a bunch of cards in ones hand. Is that action not one
of removing the psoles from the ochel? If another player automatically
takes it, it would be permitted, but if discarded until the end of the game it is a
problem. Various Talmidei Chachamim offered beautiful answers but concluded that
since Borer is a melacha doraisso, a biblical offense, one
should refrain from doing it.