Is one permitted to squeeze fruit on Shabbos?
One of the melachos of Shabbos is Dash
??, which is the separating
of the wheat grain from its husk. A Toladah (a derivative, but also a melacha
doraisso) of this melacha is Mefareik ????. Quite a few prohibitions fall under this
category, such as milking a cow (Rambam), drawing blood
pertaining to us is the squeezing of fruit for its juices. Extracting the juice from a
fruit is similar to the removing of a wheat grain from its encasing husk and hence it is a
Toladah of ??.
Does the issur doraisso (a
biblical prohibition) apply to all fruit?
Aruch in simon 320 categorizes all fruit into three categories, namely a
biblical prohibition, a Rabbinical one and fruits that are permitted to be squeezed.
says that one is only biblically prohibited to squeeze grapes for their wine and olives
for their oil. Accordingly it would seem that all other fruits are not biblically
What is the reason that the biblical
prohibition only includes olives and grapes?
the gemora says that it is unusual to squeeze other fruit and hence the squeezing
of other fruit is not a melacha doraisso. The Chayei Adam
duly says that fruits that are regularly squeezed for their juice would also be subject to
a biblical prohibition. We even find the Rashba saying that olives and grapes
are ossur midoraisso because the majority of olives and grapes are
squeezed for their juice whereas with other fruit the majority is eaten.
According to this Rashba
squeezing oranges to make orange juice is probably an issur doraisso.
On the other hand
say that it does not depend on general practice regularity and the issur doraisso
only applies to olives and grapes.
If the liquid seeped out by itself am I
permitted to drink it?
Let us say that
one stored grapes in a cup and because they were fat and luscious some grape-juice seeped
out of the grapes and accumulated at the bottom of the cup. Is one permitted to drink that
Off hand we would
say what could be wrong? However Chazal prohibited the drinking of that juice as
a gzeira lest one squeezes the grapes to produce more grape-juice. This is
true even if those particular grapes were intended for eating and not for squeezing.
Which fruit fall into the second category?
category includes a very wide range and variety of fruit. The Shulchan Aruch says
that pomegranates and berries may not be squeezed. Even though the majority of this fruit
is eaten and not squeezed, nevertheless since some people do squeeze them, Chazal
prohibit squeezing for their juice.
quotes the Magen Avraham saying that if we know that people somewhere in the world
squeeze a certain fruit as a beverage, (probably because they have an abundance of that
fruit) it is prohibited to squeeze that fruit for its juice anywhere. However, the MA
adds that this is only if other places would also squeeze that fruit for its juice had
they also had it in abundance, but if not, we say that it is not called a fruit squeezed
for its juice.
Many fruits and
vegetables fall into this category and squeezing or liquidizing or crushing is forbidden.
For example: apples, oranges, carrots, tomatoes, plums, peaches, pears and almost all
fruit of this nature.
watermelons are squeezed in Mexico as a beverage, but nevertheless according to the MA
it appears that watermelons are not categorized in this category because, for example,
in Eretz Yisrael there is an abundance of watermelons BH and nevertheless
they are not squeezed here for juice. However, the Mishna Berura does not agree with the MA
and would prohibit squeezing watermelons because somewhere in the world they are squeezed
as a beverage.