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Weekly Shabbos Halacha Series
Halachos Series on Hilchos Shabbos

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Published by
Pirchei Shoshanim

A Project of
The Shema Yisrael Torah Network

Written by

Rabbi Dovid
Ostroff, shlita

 

These Halachos were shown by Rabbi Ostroff to
HaGaon HaRav Moshe Sternbuch, shlita

 

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Questions for the Week of Parshas Chukas

 

Hilchos Berachos part VI

Shinui Makom cont.

One who begins eating in an enclosed area, loses the bracha rishona as soon as one leaves that area.  For example, if one sits down in the kitchen to eat an apple, even if one knew that one will be leaving the room, when leaving the house one loses the bracha rishona and upon returning to eat the apple, a new bracha must be recited.

 

On The Go

This does not apply when one begins eating on the go.

Ø  Youre on the road and begin eating an apple, you will not lose the bracha even when you lose site of your original eating place. This is because you were not confined to an eating place, so moving to another location does not affect a shinui makom. [1]

Ø  Youre on a hike and at some point on the hike you drink water. You continue walking and 1 hour later you want to drink some more water. Since you knew that you would be drinking on the way, you do not lose your bracha rishona and you may drink without reciting a new bracha.
            It is noteworthy that although you do not lose your bracha rishona, you might lose your boreh nefashos, because if sufficient time elapses (you are thirsty again) you lose the bracha acharona that you were supposed to recite. [2] So it is advisable to drink at short intervals before you are thirsty again and recite a bracha acharona at the end. [3]

If one begins eating in ones home but does not sit down, rather bites into the food on the way out, one has not confined ones eating to a specific place and may continue outside without reciting a new bracha rishona. [4]

Ø  You purchase an ice cream and begin eating it in the ice cream store, knowing that youre not staying there. You will not recite a new bracha upon leaving the store because you did not confine your eating to the store. [5]

One who ate outside, while on the go will not be required to recite a new bracha rishona when entering a building, even if one decides to remain there, because one was not confined to an eating place.

 

Entering a car

The [6] writes the following:

            One will not recite a new bracha rishona when

Ø  you begin eating outside and enter a car.

Ø  you begin eating in a car and continue outside the car. If the car was stationary (parking lot etc.) and you considered it a permanent eating place, when you lose site of the car you will require a new bracha rishona.

Ø  you begin eating in the car while stationary and begin to drive.

 

Leaving friends behind

If one leaves the original eating place and one of the diners remains behind, one does not lose the bracha rishona. Since someone remains in the original eating place, it is as if one is bound to return and there is no shinui makom. [7]

This is not referring to a bread meal, which one is bound to return regardless, because one must recite birkas hamazon where one ate; rather we are referring to items that require a boreh nefashos. [8]

 

Restaurant

Eating in a diner or restaurant will not contribute to this rule unless the other diners are eating together with you. The fact that other diners are in the same room does not make them a group.

~ If the remaining diner recited a bracha acharona before you returned, you have lost your bracha rishona, because he concluded his meal.

~ If the remaining diner left before you returned, you will recite a new bracha.

 

Continuous eating

If one eats candy (sweets) at home and leaves the house with a piece of candy in ones mouth, a new bracha will not need to be recited because it is continuous eating. However, a new bracha will be necessary for a new candy, even though one knew that one intends on eating another candy. [9]

 

Summary

A shinui makom will not take effect when

  • eating in the same house.
  • can see original eating place. [10] See footnote.
  • a member of the group remains behind.
  • began eating on the way.
  • began eating with one foot out the door.

[1] Siman 178:4.

[2] See siman 184:5.

[3] It appears from MB 184:18 and Biur Halacha im that one may recite a bracha rishona within 72 minutes, even when one consumed a small amount of food or liquid.

[4] We are not discussing whether it is correct to eat in public.

[5] Vzos Habrocho chap. 6 (page 62).

[6] Hagaon Rav Betzalel Stern, " " "-".

[7] Siman 178:2.

[8] Some hold that this refers even to the 7 fruit species.

[9] " " " .

[10] This is problematic though when a reshus harabim separates between the eating place and where youre standing or when entering another house.


 

Vort on the Parsha

The Meshech Chochma writes (20:11) that when b'racha from Hashem is in food and drink, it suffices to consume small quantities and one will be satiated. We see this with the man, there was sufficient. When the possuk says (20:8), man is not equated to animal, because a human drinks a little and is satiated (when a b'racha is in the water), and an animal must drink its fill the separates between man and animal.

But when B'nei Yisroel did not request and behave properly, they needed plenty water (20:11) and the dropped, there was no b'racha in the water and man and animal drank similar amounts .


 

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Note:  The purpose of this series is intended solely for the clarification of the topics discussed and not to render halachic decisions. It is intended to heighten everyone's awareness of important practical questions which do arise on this topic.  One must consult with a proper halachic authority in order to receive p'sak.