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Weekly Shabbos Halacha Series
Halachos Series on Hilchos Shabbos

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Published by
Pirchei Shoshanim

A Project of
The Shema Yisrael Torah Network

Written by

Rabbi Dovid
Ostroff, shlita

 

These Halachos were shown by Rabbi Ostroff to
HaGaon HaRav Moshe Sternbuch, shlita

 

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Questions for the Week of Parshas Ki Savo

 

Hilchos B'rachos part XI

Having In Mind Cont.

Foods during a bread meal part I

Eating a meal:

A person who sits down to eat fruit and recites a bracha on a fruit placed before him is not required to recite a new bracha on a different fruit, because it is as if he had in mind to include all fruit. [1] This seems to incorporate even the more important fruit, for example: a bracha was recited on an apple and one of the seven species was brought in.

How does this apply to a regular meal?

At a regular meal when one is not washing over bread, and recites a shehakol on fish, it is unnecessary to recite a shehakol over chicken, as it is normal to eat chicken during a meal and it is as if one had this in mind when reciting the bracha. [2]

Would the shehakol on the fish cover the ice cream eaten at the end of the meal?

Only if one regularly eats dessert of some type at the end of a meal will the shehakol cover it, otherwise it is not part of the bracha.

Consequently, one should always have in mind to include everything with a similar bracha.

Rav Sternbuch shlita added that if one is a guest, whatever is served is included in the bracha.

What about beverages imbibed during the meal?

Since one normally drinks during a meal, the shehakol will cover beverages as well.

Foods during a bread meal part I

The rules of a bread meal are such that the hamotzi recited at the onset of the meal covers all foods pertaining to the meal. [3]

What does pertaining to the meal mean?

It means that all foods normally served as part of a meal are included in the bracha, such as soup, beverages, chicken, meat, vegetables and everything else normally served at a meal.

What if one only wishes to eat a small amount of bread, do we still say that it is the main part of the meal and everything else is included?

If one ate more than a kzayis of bread, it includes everything else. Rav Moshe Feinstein writes that this is because bread is always the basis of a meal and everything else is subordinate. [4] It is possible that in former times bread really constituted a major portion of a meal and meat, fish etc. were a minor part of the meal. Nowadays, a little bread is consumed at the onset of the meal and for most of the remainder of the meal, bread is hardly consumed. Nevertheless, as stated, one recites hamotzi and it includes all else.

What is not included in the meal?

Several items are not included in the meal: 1) Wine. 2) Fruit and desserts. 3) Certain cakes.

Wine

One who imbibes wine or grape juice during a meal is required to recite a boreh pri hagofen, [5] even if one had specific intention to drink wine when one recited hamotzi on the bread.

But do people not drink wine during a meal?

Indeed people regularly imbibe wine during a meal, but because wine is an important beverage, Chazal saw fit to require its own bracha. [6]

What makes wine important?

Rashi explains (the gemora Brachos 42a) that wine is imbibed on several occasions and not because one is thirsty, such as at a wedding ceremony; a bris; a pidyon habein; kiddush; havdalah.

Tosefos explains that its importance is that Chazal instituted a unique bracha on wine. In other words, according to the rules, the bracha on wine would have been haeitz, but Chazal elevated the bracha to hagofen.

Rabeinu Chananel (cited in T.R Yonah) explains that since the bracha recited on wine includes all drinks that follow, therefore after drinking wine, one need not recite a shehakol on any drink following the wine. [7] It is an important drink and is not included in the bread meal.

What if one recited kiddush before the meal and drank wine?

In such a case one does not need to recite a new bracha during the meal, provided that one normally drinks wine during the meal or had in mind to do so.

Guests or family members who did not partake of the kiddush wine must recite a bracha on the wine they drink during the meal.


[1] MB siman 206:22.

[2] " ', " .

[3] Siman 177:1.

[4] " " . See also footnote in " 7.

[5] Siman 174:1.

[6] MB siman 174:1.

[7] There are certain restrictions to this rule, such as one had in mind to drink something else, etc.

 

Vort on the Parsha

" , and the famous question is how can such severe calamities occur for failing to have simcha in avodas Hashem?

Simcha is not merely an extra part of a mitzvah or of avodas Hashem, it expresses ones entire attitude to avodas Hashem.

The lack of simcha portrays ones total lack of will to serve Hashem; if it were up to him, he would probably embrace a different religion, free of this burdensome avodah.

It is indeed terrible.

We must do our utmost to see beauty in serving Hashem and His beautiful Torah and consequently serve Hashem besimchah.


 

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