did hatmana bissur (enwrapped in a forbidden manner) is the food forbidden?
For example, if I completely enwrapped the chalah while it was on the urn, am I permitted
to eat it?
We find a machlokes between the Mechaber 1
and the Rama in this case. The Mechaber holds that if through hatmana
bissur the food became warm 2, it is forbidden to eat, and
therefore one will have to wait until the food cools down so as not to benefit from the issur.
The Rama holds that when done unintentionally 3, the food is
If food on the blech or
hot plate is beginning to burn, may I stir the food?
This issue comes under the category of maigis
stirring. If the food is not yet fully cooked, it is forbidden to stir the food or even to
remove food from the pot with a spoon, for stirring the food further cooks the food. Even
if the food is fully cooked, we find that the poskim forbid stirring the food while it is
on the fire. So if the food is burning, all you can do is move the pot further away from
the heat source.
Then if the food is fully cooked, may
one take food out of the pot with a spoon?
The Mishna Berura says that the Bais Yosef permits
it, but many poskim say that as long as it is on the fire , one should not take
food out of the pot with a spoon 4. If the hot food is needed for later as
well, one should remove the pot from the blech or hot plate, take food out the pot, and
return it to the fire, all the while keeping the laws of chazora. 5
Is there a difference
between stirring food when it is on the fire and when it is off the fire?
If the food is not yet fully cooked, even when it is off
the fire it may not be stirred. If fully cooked, the Mishna Berura (318:116) says
that it is permitted to stir (off the fire), however due to the stringency of the Rama,
he says (318:117) that there is room for stringency with regards to stirring, but
as for taking food out with a spoon, there is no problem.
Can one put sea salt into hot soup?
Before one can answer this question, one has to know
whether the particular salt in question was manufactured through sun evaporation, which is
not considered cooked, or through a cooking process.
The Mechaber holds that one may add uncooked salt to
a kli rishon that is off the fire, and all the more so into a kli
shaini, but the Kaf HaChaim (318:106) writes that one who is stringent, merits
The Rama holds that one should not add salt even
into a kli shaini. However the Mishna Berura (318:71) writes
that if the salt is precooked, it may be added to a kli shaini, but one
should refrain from adding it to a kli rishon.
2 The Mechaber does not say that it is ossur
if food became warm; rather he says that if the food was fully cooked and mitstamek
vra lo (condensing to its detriment), and it remained warm as before, then it is
mutar. We can deduce that if it heated up, even if mitstamek vra lo,
it is assur.
3 Unintentionally, e.g. did not know that it
4 MB 113. Ohr Letsion vol.2
5 The Chazon Ish, however, held that
when fully cooked, it is permitted to take food out with a spoon even when on the
fire (taking care not to stir the food). In a case when the food is needed for later, and
if removed from the fire it cannot be put back (because it is not on a blech or hot
plate), there is room to be lenient and remove food from the pot while it is still on the
fire. (Shmiras Shabbos Kehilchasa 1-32).
Food For Thought
If oil is dripping from
an oil lamp, is it permitted to place a plate beneath the lamp to catch the dripping oil?
Is one permitted to soak up water with
Water is dripping from an air
conditioning unit, is it permitted to place something beneath it to catch the water?
Vort On The Parsha
In possuk 10-2 it says that Hashem is
performing all these miracles so that we will relate to our children all that took place
in Egypt and you will know that I am Hashem. The question is that it should
have said and they will know that I am Hashem, as we are relating what
transpired to the children.
Rav Sternbuch shlita answers that a person has to be
steadfast in his own beliefs and realizations in order to be able to impart them to
others. As the Chofetz Chaim said that if (as it says in the Shema)
these things will be on your heart, then you shall teach your
A stray child was once asked why he had left the Torah path
since his father was such an esteemed Torah scholar. His reply was that when the family
refurbished their kitchen, his father fingered and caressed the new ceramics much more
than he ever seen him caress the sifrei kodesh!
It is not enough to talk about the importance of Torah; one
has to live it in order to be able to impart it to ones children. May Hashem
help us all.