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BEITZAH 6-10 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dafim, for the benefit of Klal Yisrael
1) [line 1] AFAR TICHO'ACH - crushed, loose earth
2) [line 1] GUMA - a hole in the ground
3) [line 3] V'EINO TZARICH ELA L'AFARAH (MEKALKEL/ MELACHAH SHE'EINAH
(a) MEKALKEL - Normally, one is Chayav on Shabbos only for performing a
Melachah that is a creative act. If a person performed an act of destruction
or impairment he is Patur. Digging a hole in the middle of one's floor ruins
the floor, and such an act is not considered Boneh (building) and is Patur.
4) [line 4] MAN DACHAR SHMEI? - who ever mentioned it?
(b) MELACHAH SHE'EINAH TZERICHAH L'GUFAH - When a person performs a Melachah
on Shabbos intentionally, but does not require the usual result of the
action, Rebbi Yehudah rules that he is Chayav and Rebbi Shimon rules that he
is Patur. For example, if a person digs a hole, not because he needs the
hole (which would be Boneh) but rather because he needs the dirt, this is a
Melachah she'Einah Tzerichah l'Gufah. (See Insights to Shabbos 12:1)
5) [line 12] L'CHURVASO - for his destroyed building in which the roof has
collapsed, leaving an open area usually used for planting
6) [line 16] KOY
(a) There is a Machlokes Tana'im as to which animal Chazal (Mishnah Chulin
83b, etc.) refer to as a "Koy." Some Tana'im say that it is a crossbreed
between certain species of goats and deer, while others say that is an
independent species (Culin 80a). The Koy shows signs of being both a
domesticated animal (Behemah, that does not require Kisuy ha'Dam) and a wild
animal (Chayah, that does require Kisuy ha'Dam).
(b) As a result, some Tana'im rule that the status of a Koy is always in
doubt (a Safek). This is usually the context in which the Gemara refers to
Koy, as an animal about which the Halachic status is uncertain, and which
requires Kisuy ha'Dam because of the possibility that it is a Chayah.
8) [line 11] SADIN B'TZITZIS - a linen cloak that has woolen Tzitzis
9) [line 14] BA'HADEI D'CHATISH KA MICHSEI - as the blood falls to the
ground, he digs the soil under the blood, thus fulfilling the Mitzvah of
Kisuy ha'Dam at the same time as the Kesishah (RABBEINU CHANANEL)
10a) [line 28] GEZEIRAH MISHUM HATARAS CHELBO - a person might permit the
eating of its Chelev
b) [line 28 HATARAS CHELBO (CHELEV)
(a) Chelev refers to the fat of an animal that is offered on the Mizbe'ach.
It consists of the layer of fat covering the stomachs, all the other fat
attached to the stomachs, and the fat on the kidneys along the flanks
11) [line 29] L'NAKER CHATZEIRO - to clean his courtyard, by spreading clean
dirt over the blood
(b) The Chelev of a Kosher Behemah is forbidden to eat, but may be used for
any other purpose. The Chelev of a Chayah, however, may even be eaten.
"Shuman" refers to all the other fat of an animal that is permitted.
(c) If a person eats Chelev b'Mezid, he is Chayav Kares; b'Shogeg he must
bring a Korban Chatas. If a person is in doubt whether the fat he ate was
Chelev or Shuman, he must bring a Korban Asham Taluy.
12) [line 34] BI'DEKIRAH - with one jabbing of the shovel or the hoe into
the ground to dig up dirt