POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous dafBeitzah 22
BEITZAH 21 & 22 - have been dedicated in honor of the Yahrzeit of the
Lubavitcher Rebbe, NBG'M (3 Tamuz), by one of his Chasidim.
1) INSULATING A HEATED POT ON YOM TOV
(a) Question: What is the case of the Mishnah?
2) THE PROHIBITION OF STANDING UP THE (FALLEN) MENORAH
1. If an Eruv Tavshilin was made, why does Beis
Shamai prohibit insulating a heated pot?
(b) Answer (R. Huna): An Eruv Tavshilin was not made, but
the Rabanan permitted cooking the bare minimum (R Huna
is consistent with his position elsewhere).
2. If an Eruv Tavshilin was not made, why does Beis
Hillel permit it?
1. (R. Huna) One who did not make an Eruv may bake
one loaf, cook one dish, and kindle a single
(c) Answer (Rava): An Eruv Tavshilin was made, but Hatmanah
is nevertheless prohibited since it is obviously being
done for Shabbos (and thus is not covered by the Eruv).
2. (R. Yitzhok) One may even roast a small fish.
3. A Beraisa reflects both opinions.
(d) Question (Abaye): But Chananiah teaches that one who
made an Eruv Tavshilin with Hatmanah may be Matmin on
YomTov for Shabbos (even though it is obviously for
(e) Answer (Abaye): Our Mishnah is rather speaking where he
made an Eruv with Bishul or Afiah but not Hatmanah (and
our Mishnah follows the view of Chananiah and Beis
Shamai regarding the requirement that the Eruv be
(a) Question: What Isur is involved?
3) MAV'IR AND MECHABEH
(b) Answer (R. Chinena b. Bisna): We are speaking of a
Menorah whose couplings came apart when it fell, and
the assembly looks like Boneh.
1. Beis Shamai prohibits this assembly since they
hold that Boneh applies to Kelim.
2. Beis Hillel permits this assembly since Boneh only
applies to Karka, not to Kelim.
(a) Ula's servant tipped a candle, distancing the oil from
the wick, which would extinguish the candle.
4) MEDICINAL PAINTING OF THE EYE ON YOMTOV
(b) Question (R. Yehudah): But the Beraisa teaches that one
who adds oil is Chayav for Mav'ir and one who removes
oil is Chayav for Mechabeh!?
(c) Answer (Ula): I was unaware of my servant's activity.
(d) (Rav) It is permitted to remove the charcoal on the end
of the wick on YomTov (Kanva).
(e) Question (Aba Marta): Is one permitted to extinguish a
flame on YomTov to provide the darkness required for
(f) Answer (Abaye): It is not a Tzorech HaYom since he may
use another home.
(g) Question: And what if no other home is available?
(h) Answer: He may construct a Mechitzah.
(i) Question: What if a Mechitzah is not possible?
(j) Answer: He may cover the flame with a Keli.
(k) Question: What if no Keli is available?
(l) Answer: Mechabeh is forbidden even if it is Tzorech
(m) Question: But the Beraisa teaches that Tzorech HaYom
*does* permit Kibui (extinguishing the flame so that
there is less smoke)!?
(n) Answer (Abaye): That Beraisa is the view of R. Yehudah,
who permits Melachos l'Tzorech HaYom, while I was
speaking in the view of Rabanan (which is l'Halachah)
who only permit Melachos for Ochel Nefesh.
1. Question (Abaye, before he learned from Rabah that
Melachos which are not for Ochel Nefesh are not
permitted): Is it permitted to put out a fire on
i. When the situation is life-threatening there
is no question that Kibui is permitted.
2. Answer (Rabah): It is forbidden.
ii. The question relates to a situation of
3. Question (Abaye): But the Beraisa that for a great
need one is permitted to be Mechabeh!?
4. Answer: That Beraisa is the view of R. Yehudah...
(a) Question (R. Ashi): Is it permitted to apply the
medicinal paint around one's eye on YomTov?
1. We assume that none of the dangerous conditions
listed are present and the condition is abating.
(b) Answer (Ameimar): It is prohibited.
2. One wishes the treatment in order to fully open
(c) Question: But the Beraisa...?
(d) Answer: That Beraisa is R. Yehudah...
(e) Ameimar permits applying the paint by a non-Jew on
Shabbos when there is no danger (alternately, he had
his own eye painted by a non-Jew on Shabbos).
(f) Question (R. Ashi): The bases for permitting such an
act are premised on the Jew not assisting the non-Jew
in the procedure, whereas you are helping it along by
opening and shutting your eye!?
(g) Answer (Ameimar): Assisting (where the act could have
been done by the principle person alone) is not
significant (as I told R. Zvid who asked the same
(h) Ameimar permitted the painting on the second day of
Rosh HaShanah (when Melachah is prohibited d'Rabanan,
even by a Jew).
(i) Question (R. Ashi): But Rava only taught a leniency on
the second day of Rosh HaShanah when the honor of a
deceased is at stake!?
(j) Answer (Ameimar): I rule in accordance with those who
include Beitzah among the leniencies.
5) BAKING WITH A THICK OR THIN DOUGH
1. Question: And why might you assume stringency?
2. Answer: Out of concern that Elul was truly 30 days
and the "true" Rosh HaShanah is on the second day!
3. But R. Chinena b. Kehana taught that since the
days of Ezra, Elul never had 30 days.
(a) (Beis Shamai) We may not bake a Pas Avah on Pesach
(presumably, out of concern for Chimutz).
6) MISHNAH: R. GAMLIEL'S LENIENCIES
(b) (Beis Hillel) It is permitted.
1. Question: How thick is Pas Avah?
(c) (R. Yirmiyah b. Aba citing his Rebbi [Rav] or it was
Rav citing Rebbi): The Pas Avah which Beis Hillel and
Beis Shamai argue over is a large quantity at once.
2. Answer (R. Huna): A Tefach (as the Lechem HaPanim
were a Tefach thick and was still considered
Matzah, not Chametz).
3. Question (R. Yosef): But here are five reasons
(listed) why the Lechem HaPanim could permitted
while being a Tefach thick which would not apply
to any other case!?
1. Question: Why is a large quantity called "thick?"
(d) Question: If the issue involved is the excessive effort
on YomTov, then why does the Tana speak of Pas Avah on
Pesach (as opposed to any other YomTov)?
2. Answer: Because it is "thick" when kneaded.
3. Alternate Answer: That is how they referred to a
large quantity of bread in the place of that Tana.
(e) Answer: It only happens that this Tana was speaking
about the Halachos of Pesach (as the Beraisa affirms
that the Machlokes of Pas Avah applies on any YomTov).
(a) One may sweep the dining room (without concern for
leveling the crevices in the floor).
(b) One may place incense to be burned on the coals (even
though it is not for Ochel Nefesh).
(c) One may roast the Gedi whole on Pesach night (without
concern that it may look like the Korban Pesach).
(d) Chachamim prohibit each of the above.
(a) (R. Asi) They only argue about incense for perfuming a
garment, not for bringing fragrance into a room.
8) SMOKING FRUITS
(b) Question: But from the Beraisa (based on the first
cases of the Mishnah) we see (from the challenge of
Chachamim to R. Eliezer b. Tzadok) that R. Gamliel
*permits* Kibud and Gimur on YomTov and Chachamim
prohibit it (not like R. Asi's assertion)!?
(c) Answer: We must learn the comment of R. Asi as teaching
that they only argue about Gimur for aroma but agree
that perfuming a garment is prohibited.
(a) Question: May one place Levonah on coals to smoke
(b) Answer (R. Yirmiyah b. Aba citing Rav) It is prohibited
(the act extinguishes the coals for a cause which is
not Shaveh l'chol Nefesh).
(c) Answer (Shmuel) It is permitted (the smoking is Shaveh
l'chol Nefesh but for the fact that many cannot afford
the Levonah to do so).
(d) (R. Huna, explaining Rav) It is prohibited due to
(e) Question (R. Nachman): Why not point to the Mav'ir of
(f) Answer: Mechabeh happens first.
(g) (R. Yehudah) The problems only begin when using coals,
but placing Levonah on a hot vessel is permitted.
(h) (Rabah) That, too, is prohibited due to Molid.