POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Megilah 25
MEGILAH 25 (21 Tishrei, Hoshana Raba) - dedicated by Gedalyah Jawitz, in
honor of the yahrtzeit of Yehuda ben Simcha Volf Jawitz
1) IMPROPER PRAISES OF HASHEM
(a) (Mishnah): To say, 'Good ones will bless you' is
2) PARTS OF THE TORAH WE DO NOT READ OR TRANSLATE
(b) We silence one who says: 'Your mercy covers nesting
birds"; 'Your name will be mentioned on the good'; 'We
thank, we thank';
(c) We silence one who distorts the prohibitions of incest;
(d) One who says that the prohibition of serving Molech is
'marrying a non-Jew' is vigorously silenced.
(e) (Gemara): We understand that 'we thank, we thank' looks
like worshipping 2 powers;
(f) Also, 'your name will be mentioned on good' is incorrect.
1. (Mishnah): One must bless on the bad, just as he
blesses on the good.
(g) Question: What is wrong about 'Your mercy extends to
(h) R. Yosi Bar Avin and R. Yosi Bar Zevida gave different
(i) Answer#1: This arouses jealousy of the other animals.
(j) Answer#2: This suggests that Hashem's Mitzvahs are mercy
- really, they are decrees above our understanding.
1. Rabah praised a man who said 'You had mercy on
nesting birds, be merciful upon us.
(k) (R. Chanina): "What does Hashem ask of you, just to fear
him" - all is in Hashem's hands, except for fear of
2. Question (Abaye): The Mishnah says that we silence
3. Answer: Rabah was only testing Abaye.
4. A man came in front of R. Chanina and said, "Hashem
who is great, awesome, mighty, strong and vigorous".
5. R. Chanina: Have you finished his praises? We may
only say "great, strong, and awesome" because the
Torah says it, and the Great Assembly fixed the
6. One who has a billion gold coins, to say that he has
silver is discrediting him.
(l) Question: The verse implies that fearing Hashem is a
(m) Answer: Correct! For Moshe, it is simple!
1. A parable: If one asks a man to borrow a big vessel,
if he has it, he views it as a request for a small
vessel. If he lacks it, even a request of a small
vessel is like asking for a big one.
(n) (R. Zeira): One who says "Shma, Shma" is like 'We thank,
(o) Question (Beraisa): One who says "Shma, Shma" is
despicable. It does not say that we silence him!
(p) Answer: The Mishnah speaks of one who repeats the entire
verse; this appears as accepting 2 authorities. The
Beraisa talks of one who repeats each word.
1. Question (Rav Papa): Perhaps he didn't have
intention the 1st time, therefore he repeats it with
(q) (Mishnah): We silence one who distorts the prohibitions
2. Answer (Rava): Does he treat Hashem as a peer, that
he repeats himself and shows that he spoke to him
without intention?! He should be smacked until he
1. (Rav Yosef): For example, he says "Do not reveal the
shame of your father and mother".
(r) (Mishnah): One who says, "Do not give your seed to
Molech" means marrying a non-Jew ...
1. (Beraisa - Tana d'Vei R. Yishmael): He means that he
fathers a son that will serve Molech.
(a) (Mishnah): The following are read and translated: The
episode of Tamar and Yehuda and the first account of the
(b) These are read but not translated: The episode of Reuven;
the second account of the golden calf; Birkas Kohanim;
the episode of David and Amnon;
(c) We do not read the vision of the chariot as Maftir; R.
Yehuda permits it.
(d) R. Eliezer: we do not read "Inform Yerushalayim" as
(e) (Gemara -Beraisa): The following are read and translated:
1. Creation (we might have thought, people will come to
ask what came before Creation).
3) PORTIONS WHICH ARE READ BUT NOT TRANSLATED.
2. The episode of Lot (we might have thought, we should
not read it because of the honor of Avraham).
3. The episode of Tamar and Yehuda.
i. We might have thought it is a disgrace for
Yehuda - contrarily, it is his praise that he
4. The first account of the golden calf.
i. We might have thought not to, because of the
honor of Yisrael - contrarily, we want to get
5. Curses and blessings (we might have thought, this
will cause people to despair).
6. Warnings and punishments (we might have thought,
people will come to serve out of fear).
7. The episodes of Amnon and Tamar, and of Avshalom (we
might have thought, we should be concerned for the
honor of David).
8. The episode of the concubine in Givah (we might have
thought, we should be concerned for the honor of
9. "Inform Yerushalayim of its abominations" - unlike
R. Eliezer, who prohibits it.
10. A man once read this as Maftir. R. Eliezer suggested
to check him; abominations were found.
(a) The episode of Reuven.
**** Perek Bnei Ha'ir ****
1. R. Chaninah Ben Gamliel once stopped a man from
translating it, and was praised for this.
(b) The 2nd account of the golden calf.
1. (Beraisa - R. Shimon Ben Elazar): A person must be
careful how he answers - Aharon's answer, that the
calf came from the fire, fueled claims of idolaters.
(c) Birkas Kohanim (because it says that Hashem is partial).
(d) The episode of David and Amnon.
1. Question: The Beraisa said earlier that this is
(e) (Beraisa): Certain derogatory words are read in a nicer
way "Yishgalenah", "Ba'apolim", "Chiryonim", "Choreihem
... Shineihem", "l'Machara'os";
2. Answer: Where it calls him the son of David, it is
not translated; where it does not, it is translated.
(f) (R. Yehoshua Ben Korchah): We read "l'Machara'os",
because it disgraces idolatry.
(g) (Rav Nachman): The only permitted scoffing is of
(h) (Rav Huna Bar Manoach): One may tell an idolater to put
his idol in his "Shin Tov".
(i) (Rav Ashi): Someone on whom bad reports are always heard
may be disgraced with "Gimel and Shin".
(j) One may praise a person on whom good reports go out; he
will be blessed for doing so.
4) WE ASCEND IN HOLINESS
1. (Mishnah): City dwellers that sold the street may buy
a shul with the money; if they sold a shul, they may
buy an ark; if they sold and ark, they may buy