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Previous dafPesachim 114
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg
and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is
devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara,
Rashi or Tosfos.)
 Rashbam 114b DH Dilma Ha Ka Mashma Lan:
The words "Aval b'Maror Lechudei Lo Ba'inan Trei Tibulei"
are the beginning
of a new Dibur
1a) [line 4] ECHOL BATZAL - eat onions (or other similar vegetables)
b) [line 4] V'SHEV BA'TZEL - and sit in the shade of your house (which you
will not be forced to sell)
2) [line 5] AVAZIN - geese
3) [line 7] MESALA MASLIN B'MA'ARAVA - in Eretz Yisrael they say the
following the parable
4a) [line 8] D'ACHIL ALISA - one who always eats the fatty tail of a sheep,
i.e. fatty meat
b) [line 8] TASHI BA'ALISA - hides in the attic (from his creditors)
5a) [line 9] D'ACHIL KAKULEI - greens, herbs, a sort of cress used by the
poor (cardanum or nasturtium)
b) [line 9] A'KIKALEI D'MASA SHACHIV - rests at ease in a public place of
6) [line 27] METABEL BA'CHAZERES - he dips his lettuce (which will also be
used later for Maror) if he has no other greens to dip [in something other
than the Charoses -- see Insights]
7) [line 28] AD SHE'MAGI'A L'PARPERES HA'PAS - before he comes to the point
when he will use the lettuce as Maror, which is eaten after the Matzah (as a
8) [line 1] MITZVOS TZERICHOS KAVANAH
Whenever a person performs a Mitzvah, he must be aware of the fact that he
is doing a Mitzvah. He cannot do it without thinking about it.
9) [line 18] MI'KEDEI ACHIAS PERAS
(a) The Torah specifies a Shi'ur for which a person who eats this amount of
Matzah and Maror has fulfilled his requirement for the Mitzvah (a k'Zayis).
Similarly, the Torah also specifies the amount of time in which they must be
eaten in order to fulfill the Mitzvah.
(b) This amount of time is called "Kedei Achilas Peras," and is defined as
the amount of time that it takes to eat three - or four - Beitzim of bread
with relish, while reclining. A person who eats a k'Zayis of Matzah or Maror
in more than this amount of time has not fulfilled the Mitzvah, exactly as
if he ate a Chatzi Shi'ur (Kerisus 12b).
10) [line 25] SILKA - a beet
11) [line 25] AROZA - rice
12) [line 33] CHAGIGAH (CHAGIGAS ARBA'AH ASAR)
(a) The Torah requires that each Korban Pesach be eaten by a designated
group of people. When many people share a Korban Pesach such that there is
not enough meat to provide a full meal for each of them, a Korban Chagigah
is brought along with it. The members of the group eat the Korban Chagigah
before the Korban Pesach to ensure that they eat the Korban Pesach Al
ha'Sova (when they are satiated) (see Insights to Pesachim 70:1).
(b) This Korban Chagigah is not to be confused with the Korban Chagigah that
a person must bring during all festivals. Every Jewish male is obligated to
come to the Azarah of the Beis ha'Mikdash on Pesach, Shavuos and Sukkos, and
bring an animal as a Korban Chagigah, as the Torah states, "Shalosh Regalim
Tachog Li ba'Shanah" (Shemos 23:14).
13) [line 34] GARMA U'VISHULA - a piece of meat with the soup in which it