POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous dafPesachim 118
1) THE FOURTH CUP, HALLEL AND SHIR
(a) Question: What is this (special) Birchas HaShir?
2) A PERSON'S SUSTENANCE
(b) Answer [R. Yehudah]: Yehalelucha.
(c) Answer [R. Yochanan]: Nishmas.
(d) The Bereisa teaches that we recite Hallel HaGadol over the fourth
cup, and reports three versions of Hallel HaGadol.
1. Question: Why is it called Hallel HaGadol?
(e) Question [R. Chisda]: What is the meaning of the verse "Praise
Hashem for He is Good..."
2. Answer: Because HaShem allocates sustenance from on high to
3. Question: What is the significance of the 26 praises of
4. Answer: The 26 generations (before the Torah was given)
which were sustained entirely with Chesed.
(f) Answer: HaShem "collects" back His goodness as payment for a
person's debts, each according to the property which He has
granted (and thus spares the person from personal injury).
(a) A person's sustenance is more difficult than childbirth.
3) R. SHESHES CITING R. ELAZAR b. AZARYAH
(b) A person's sustenance is more difficult than redemption.
(c) [Resh Lakish] Adam bemoaned the thought that he and the beast
would eat the same food (wild growths), but was comforted with
the thought that he could toil and make bread.
(d) [Resh Lakish] Fortunate are we... for we can eat wild grass (two
(e) A person's sustenance is more difficult than splitting of sea.
(f) A person's ability to excrete is more difficult than the day of
death and the splitting of the sea.
(a) One who disparages the festivals is as one who worships idolatry
4) HALLEL OR HALLEL HAGADOL
(b) One who speaks or receives Lashon Hara or who testifies falsely
is fit to be thrown to dogs.
(a) Question: Why do we recite Hallel on festivals, and not Hallel
(b) Answer #1: Hallel has five features (Yetzias Mitzrayim, Krias
YamSuf, Matan Torah, Techiyas HaMeisim, Chevlo Shel Mashiach).
1. [R. Yochanan] Lo Lanu refers to Shi'bud Malchios.
(c) Answer #2: Hallel has the extraction of the righteous souls from
2. Alternately, it refers to the battle of Gog-Magog.
(d) Answer #3: Hallel has the descent of the righteous (Chananyah,
Mishael and Azaryah) into the furnace and their ascent from it.
1. The various sections of Lo Lanu are attributed to each of
these Tzadikim, upon their descent and their salvation.
(e) It was taught that Gavriel sang veEmes HaShem l'Olam when he
successfully defended his right to save the three against the
offer of the Sar Barad, by offering to make a miracle within a
2. Others attribute veEmes HaShem l'Olam" to Gavriel at the
time that Avraham was thrown into Nimrod's furnace.
(i) Gavriel was denied the privilege of saving Avraham,
which HaShem did Himself.
(ii) Gavriel was instead granted the privilege of saving
Avraham's three descendants from the furnace.
(f) [R. Noson] VeEmes HaShem l'Olam was sung by the fish.
5) FURTHER INTERPRETATIONS OF HALLEL
1. HaShem instructed the sea to demonstrate to the Jews that
the Mitzrim were destroyed.
2. The ensuing discussion resulted in HaShem guaranteeing 150%
replacement to the Sar Shel Yam.
3. The fish sang when this debt was paid by Nachal Kishon in
the time of Sisra.
(a) "Moshivi Akeres HaBayis," we are like the Chuldah.
(b) "Ahavti Ki Yishma," we are beloved when you hear my cries.
(c) "Dalosi v'li Yehoshia," though poor in Mitzvos, I am Yours and
fit to be saved.
(d) [R. Yishmael b. R. Yosi citing his father] "Hallelu es HaShem Kol
Goyim," we are even more obligated than the Gentiles to praise.
(e) Further, Mitzrayim sends a gift to the Mashiach and it is
received by HaShem (to their surprise); the other nations derive
their ability to do the same except for Rome, (Esav) who is
utterly excluded from Israel's redemption (three versions of the
Pasuk Tehilim 68:31 excluding them).
(f) The rest of the Pasuk (ibid.) is interpreted:
1. Adas Avirim...
(g) A third citation from his father, 365 markets each with 365...
each filled with enough food to sustain the world.
2. Misrapes Beratzei Kasef...
3. Bizar Amim Kravos Yechpatzu...
1. For whom is this wealth intended?
(h) That Pasuk (ibid.) is fully expounded:
2. For you, the Talmidei Chachamim, as in Yeshayah 23:17.
1. Ki LaYoshevim...
(i) One who recognizes his friend's regular place.
2. V'limchaseh Asik...
(ii) One who greets his friend...
(i) He who conceals that which HaShem has concealed.
(ii) This refers to the secrets of Torah or its rationale.