POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Yevamos 61
YEVAMOS 55-65 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.
1) THE TUM'AH OF NOCHRIM
(a) (R. Shimon Bar Yochai): The graves of Nochrim do not
impart Tum'ah to what towers above them - "You are my
flock ... you are Adam".
2) WHEN CAN A KOHEN GADOL MARRY A WIDOW?
1. You are called Adam, Nochrim are not called Adam (by
Tum'ah of a tent, it says, when an Adam will die).
(b) Question: "16,000 souls of Adam" (and they were Nochrim)!
(c) Answer: The verse only said Adam to distinguish from the
(d) Question: "That has more than 12 10,000's of Adam ..."!
(e) Answer: The verse only said Adam to distinguish from the
(f) Question: "Whoever kills a soul, and touches a corpse
will purify himself" (apparently, contact with a dead
Nochri makes one Tamei)!
(g) Answer #1: Perhaps a Yisrael died.
1. Objection (Chachamim): "Not a man among us Nifkad
(h) Answer #2 (Ravina): R. Shimon Bar Yochai says, Nochrim
are excluded from Tum'ah of a tent - they are not
excluded from Tum'ah of carrying or touching!
2. Answer (R. Shimon Bar Yochai): "Not a man among us
stumbled in a sin."
(a) (Mishnah): A Kohen engaged a widow, then was appointed
Kohen Gadol - he may marry her;
3) MAY A KOHEN MARRY AN AILONIS?
(b) It happened, Yehoshua Ben Gamla engaged Marsa Bas Baisus,
and the king appointed him to be Kohen Gadol, and he
(c) A Shomeres Yavam that fell to a Kohen, and he was
appointed to be Kohen Gadol, even if he had given her a
Ma'amar, he may not do Yibum.
(d) (Gemara) Question: How do we know that if a Kohen engaged
a widow, then was appointed Kohen Gadol, he may marry
(e) Answer: "He will take a wife".
(f) .Objection: If so, this should also teach that he may do
(g) Answer: "A wife" - and not a Yevamah.
(h) (Mishnah): It happened, Yehoshua Ben Gamla ...
1. It says, '(The king) appointed him' - not, 'he was
2. (Rav Yosef): I see the plotting of evildoers here!
(i) (Mishnah): If the brother of a Kohen Gadol died - the
Kohen Gadol does Chalitzah, not Yibum.
i. (Rav Asi): Marsa Bas Baisus gave a Tarkav of
gold coins to King Yanai, therefore he
appointed R. Yehoshua Ben Gamla as Kohen Gadol.
(j) (Gemara): The Mishnah says 1 law - it does not
distinguish if she was widowed from engagement or
1. We understand, from Nisu'in - she is forbidden to
him because of a Lav (a widow) and an Aseh
(non-virgin) - the Mitvas Aseh of Yibum does not
override a Lav and Ase.
2. Question: If she was widowed from engagement - the
Aseh of Yibum should override the Lav of a widow!
3. Answer: mi'Dioraisa, it does; Chachamim decreed, not
to do the 1st act of relations (Yibum), lest he come
to do a 2nd act (which is forbidden).
(a) (Mishnah): A regular Kohen may not marry an Ailonis,
unless he already has a wife and children; R. Yehudah
says, even if he has a wife and children, he may not
marry her, since she is a Zonah;
(b) Chachamim say, a Zonah is only a convert, freed slave,
and one that had forbidden relations.
(c) .(Gemara - Question - Reish Galusa): Why can't a Kohen
marry an Ailonis?
(d) Answer (Rav Huna): Because of the Mitzvah to have
(e) Question (Reish Galusa): Only Kohanim are commanded on
having children, not Yisrael?!
(f) Answer (Rav Huna): Because we wanted to teach in the end
of the Mishnah, R. Yehudah says, even though he has a
wife and children, he may not marry her, since she is a
4) A KOHEN MAY NOT MARRY A MINOR
1. Only Kohanim are forbidden to marry a Zonah, not
(g) Question (Rav Huna): What is R. Yehudah's reason?
(h) Answer (Rav Huna): "They ate and were not satiated, they
had extramarital relations and did not raise children" -
any relations which do not lead to children is as
(a) (Beraisa - R. Eliezer): A Kohen may not marry a minor.
5) THE MITZVAH OF HAVING CHILDREN
1. Rav Chisda (to Rabah): Investigate this law - Rav
Huna will ask you about it tonight.
(b) Explanation #1 (Rabah): R. Eliezer holds as R. Meir and
as R. Yehudah.
1. He holds as R. Meir, who is concerned for the
minority (in this case - perhaps she is an Ailonis).
(c) Question #1: Does he really hold as R. Meir?
2. He holds as R. Yehudah, who says that an Ailonis is
1. (Beraisa - R. Meir): A male or female minor may not
do Chalitzah nor Yibum;
(d) Summation of Question #1 (Beraisa - R. Eliezer): A girl
that is a minor may do Yibum, but not Chalitzah.
2. Chachamim: We agree, they may not do Chalitzah - the
Torah says "man", and we equate her laws to his law;
but why can't they do Yibum?
3. R. Meir: A boy may be found to be a Eunuch; a girl
may be found to be an Ailonis - if so, they
transgressed Ervah (there was no Mitzvah of Yibum to
permit marrying his brother's wife).
(e) Question #2: Does R. Eliezer really hold as R. Yehudah?
1. (Beraisa - R. Eliezer): A Zonah is as her name (an
adulteress); R. Akiva says, she is a woman open to
have relations with anyone; R. Masya Ben Charash
says, even if her husband was taking her to drink
(Sotah water), and he had relations with her on the
way, she becomes a Zonah;
(f) Explanation #2 (Rav Ada Bar Ahavah): R. Eliezer said that
a Kohen Gadol may not marry a minor.
2. R. Yehudah says, a Zonah is an Ailonis; Chachamim
say, a Zonah is only a convert, a freed slave, or
one that had forbidden relations; R. Elazar says, 2
singles that have relations, not intending that this
should make them engaged, makes her a Zonah.
1. The marriage only takes effect when she is an adult,
and then she is not a virgin!
(g) Objection (Rava): If her father married her off - the
marriage takes effect immediately!
1. If she married herself off - Chachamim would agree,
this is forbidden!
(h) Explanation #3 (Rava): Really, R. Eliezer speaks of a
regular Kohen. We are concerned, she will be enticed to
(i) Question: This concern also applies to a Yisrael!
(j) Answer: Enticement of a minor is considered as forced
relations - a Yisrael remains permitted to her.
(k) Explanation #4 (Rav Papa): R. Eliezer is speaking about a
Kohen Gadol; he holds as the following Tana.
1. (Beraisa): "A virgin" - one might think, a minor -
"a woman"; one might think, a Bogeres - "a virgin".
(l) Explanation #5 (Rav Nachman Bar Yitzchak): R. Eliezer
holds as the following Tana.
i. The case is, she is not a minor, but is not yet
1. (Beraisa): "A virgin" - this only refers to a
Na'arah, as it says, "The Na'arah was very
beautiful, a virgin".
(m) (Beraisa - R. Elazar): 2 singles that have relations, not
intending that this should make them engaged, makes her a
1. (Rav Amram): The law is not as R. Elazar.
(a) (Mishnah): A man should not neglect having children
unless he has children: Beis Shamai say, 2 males; Beis
Hillel say, a male and a female - "Male and female He
(b) (Gemara) Version #1: If he has children, he may neglect
having children, but he should have a wife - this
supports Rav Nachman.
1. (Rav Nachman): Even if a man has many children, he
may not remain single - "It is not good, man being
(c) Version #2: We infer - if he has children, he may neglect
having children *and* having a wife.
(d) Suggestion: This refutes Rav Nachman!
(e) Answer: No - if he lacks children, he must marry a woman
that can have children; if he has children, he may marry
a woman that cannot have children.
1. The difference is - he should only sell a Sefer
Torah to marry a childbearing woman if he lacks
(f) (Mishnah): Beis Shamai say, 2 sons.
(g) Question: What is the source of Beis Shamai?
(h) Answer: They learn from Moshe - "Moshe's children,
Gershom and Eliezer".
1. Beis Hillel learn from the creation of the world.
(i) Question: Why don't Beis Shamai learn from the creation
of the world?
(j) Answer: We do not judge a case where it is possible from
a case where it is impossible (a male and female were
essential at creation).